Hepatoprotective Efficacy of Chicory alone or combined with Dandelion leaves against induced Liver Damage
- Abdulrahman L. Al-Malki, Mohamed Kamel Abo-Golayel
Utilizing the spin-trapping agent phenyl-t-butyl nitrone, a free radical has been detected which is produced from carbon tetrachloride or bromotrichloromethane during the enzymic oxidation of NADPH by rat liver microsomes. The presence of NADPH is obligatory for generation of the radical. The formation of the trichloromethyl radical-phenyl-t-butyl nitrone adduct is an enzymic process, as evidenced by the inhibition of its formation in systems containing heated microsomes and in systems containing p-hydroxymercuribenzoate. A computer-simulated ESR spectrum for the trichloromethyl adduct of phenyl-t-butyl nitrone can reproduce the essential features of the spectrum of the spin-trapped radical produced enzymically from CCl4. A mechanism is proposed for the formation of the trichloromethyl radical from CCl4 or BrCCl3.