Spin structure of the proton from polarized inclusive deep-inelastic muon-proton scattering

@article{Adams1997SpinSO,
  title={Spin structure of the proton from polarized inclusive deep-inelastic muon-proton scattering},
  author={David H. Adams and et al.},
  journal={Physical Review D},
  year={1997},
  volume={56},
  pages={5330-5358}
}
We have measured the spin-dependent structure function $g_1~p$ in inclusive deep-inelastic scattering of polarized muons off polarized protons, in the kinematic range $0.003 < x < 0.7$ and $1 GeV~2 < Q~2 < 60 GeV~2$. A next-to-leading order QCD analysis is used to evolve the measured $g_1~p(x,Q~2)$ to a fixed $Q~2_0$. The first moment of $g_1~p$ at $Q~2_0 = 10 GeV~2$ is $\Gamma~p = 0.136\pm 0.013(stat.) \pm 0.009(syst.)\pm 0.005(evol.)$. This result is below the prediction of the Ellis-Jaffe… 

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