Spiders in caves

@article{Mammola2017SpidersIC,
  title={Spiders in caves},
  author={Stefano Mammola and Marco Isaia},
  journal={Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences},
  year={2017},
  volume={284}
}
  • S. Mammola, M. Isaia
  • Published 2017
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
World experts of different disciplines, from molecular biology to macro-ecology, recognize the value of cave ecosystems as ideal ecological and evolutionary laboratories. Among other subterranean taxa, spiders stand out as intriguing model organisms for their ecological role of top predators, their unique adaptations to the hypogean medium and their sensitivity to anthropogenic disturbance. As the description of the first eyeless spider (Stalita taenaria), an array of papers on subterranean… Expand
A synthesis on cave‐dwelling spiders in Europe
TLDR
This work provides the first overview on spiders living in subterranean habitats in Europe, including the first European subterranean spider checklist, and points out specific areas of interest for future research. Expand
Diversity of Terrestrial Invertebrates in Subterranean Habitats
This chapter deals with the diversity of terrestrial cave invertebrates from the viewpoint of its contribution to global diversity and of the variety of morphological traits and life forms associatedExpand
Diplura in caves: diversity, ecology, evolution and biogeography
TLDR
This work presents the first comprehensive review about cave Diplura diversity, ecology, evolution, distribution and biogeography and provides a roadmap for research questions regarding the ecology, aimed at stimulating the pursuit of new studies on this fascinating group. Expand
Do cave orb spiders show unique behavioural adaptations to subterranean life? A review of the evidence
TLDR
It is found that Meta spiders have potential as model organisms for studies on behavioural adaptations and flexibility, with current data suggesting an extreme reduction in the number of frame threads. Expand
A Primer on Spider Assemblages in Levantine Caves: The Neglected Subterranean Habitats of the Levant—A Biodiversity Mine
Caves share unique conditions that have led to convergent adaptations of cave-dwelling animals. In addition, local factors act as filters on regional species-pools to shape the assemblage compositionExpand
Cave Communities and Species Interactions
Despite subterranean communities being relatively simple, their precise characterization still represents an interesting ecological challenge. This is mostly because, due to the inaccessibility ofExpand
Cave Communities: From the Surface Border to the Deep Darkness
The discipline of subterranean biology has provided us incredible information on the diversity, ecology and evolution of species living in different typologies of subterranean habitats. However, aExpand
Biodiversity surrogates in Amazonian iron cave ecosystems
Abstract An approach to deal with biodiversity knowledge shortfalls in conservation is to base systematic planning and monitoring on surrogate taxa that represent diversity patterns of the wholeExpand
The study of hidden habitats sheds light on poorly known taxa: spiders of the Mesovoid Shallow Substratum
TLDR
The aim of this study was to characterize the spiders inventory of the colluvial MSS of the Sierra de Guadarrama National Park, and to assess the importance of this habitat for the conservation of the taxon. Expand
Unique behavioural modifications in the web structure of the cave orb spider Meta menardi (Araneae, Tetragnathidae)
TLDR
It is suggested that the cave orb spider could act as a model organism for studies of behaviour in energy-poor environments and be adaptations to allow for a novel foraging behaviour to additionally capture walking prey within the vicinity of the web. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 120 REFERENCES
The ecological niche of a specialized subterranean spider
TLDR
The ecological niche of the subterranean spider Troglohyphantes vignai (Araneae, Linyphiidae) was described and the methodology used may be easily adapted to other hypogean sites, paving the way to a novel understanding of niche partitioning in subterranean ecosystems. Expand
Ecology of Cave Arthropods
TLDR
In general, the science of biospeleology in the United States has lagged far behind studies in Europe, and it was not until the 1950s that the modern period of cave biology began in North America. Expand
The Biology of Caves and Other Subterranean Habitats
TLDR
The Biology of Caves and other Subterranean Habitats offers a concise but comprehensive introduction to cave ecology and evolution and more than 650 references, 150 of which are new since the first edition, provide many entry points to the research literature. Expand
Sharing the space: coexistence among terrestrial predators in Neotropical caves
TLDR
The laboratory pairings support the field observations that most species merely share space, rather than exhibiting aggressive or predatory behaviour, and the spatial distribution of the predatory community in the interior of the caves seems to be unrelated to interspecies competition. Expand
Colonization of subterranean habitats by spiders in Central Europe
Using data from the Czech Republic, we studied the distribution of spiders in soils, crevice systems, scree and caves, i.e. subterranean habitats at depths spanning from 10 cm to 100 m. In total, weExpand
Climate change may drive cave spiders to extinction
TLDR
This work characterized the thermal conditions of caves in the western Alps, and related these hypogean climate data to the occurrence of Troglohyphantes spiders, and used ecological niche modeling to predict habitat suitability both in the Pleistocene and under future global warming scenarios. Expand
Diversity and community assembly patterns of epigean vs. troglobiont spiders in the Iberian Peninsula
TLDR
Caves are usually restricted to certain geological areas, such as karstic regions and volcanic areas and these can be seen as islands surrounded by inhospitable habitat, and cave-obligate species usually exhibit narrower ranges and higher endemics proportions than their epigean counterparts. Expand
Alpine endemic spiders shed light on the origin and evolution of subterranean species
TLDR
A comparative study to unravel the phylogeography of two Alpine endemic spiders characterized by a different degree of adaptation to subterranean life, disclosed a new way to clarify patterns of biological diversification and to understand the effects of past climatic shift on the subterranean biodiversity. Expand
Spots of high diversity of troglobites in Brazil: the challenge of measuring subterranean diversity
TLDR
This work describes and characterize Brazilian karst areas recognized as spots of high diversity of troglobites, highlighting particularly important cave systems and proposes hypotheses based on models of origin of t roglobite aiming to explain the differences between karSt areas. Expand
Can we agree on an ecological classification of subterranean animals?
TLDR
After a review of historic classifications, standardized definitions of the most widely used terms are proposed and four categories are proposed which are terminological approximations of the classic Schiner‐Racovitza terminology. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...