Spicular analysis of surficial sediments as a supplementary tool for studies of modern sponge communities

@article{ukowiak2016SpicularAO,
  title={Spicular analysis of surficial sediments as a supplementary tool for studies of modern sponge communities},
  author={Magdalena Łukowiak},
  journal={Helgoland Marine Research},
  year={2016},
  volume={70},
  pages={1-13}
}
  • M. Łukowiak
  • Published 20 April 2016
  • Environmental Science
  • Helgoland Marine Research
The method of spicular analysis that examines surficial sediments has been used to study the sponge spicule assemblage in the lagoon reef of Bocas del Toro, Panama. The method allowed to recognize some highly diagnostic spicule morphotypes that may belong to four sponge species as yet unnoticed in this area. The presence of these sponges must have been overlooked while studying faunistic compositions within an ecosystem due to their cryptic and/or excavating nature. Despite some limitations… 

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