Spherical episodic ejection of material from a young star.


The exact processes by which interstellar matter condenses to form young stars are of great interest, in part because they bear on the formation of planets like our own from the material that fails to become part of the star. Theoretical models suggest that ejection of gas during early phases of stellar evolution is a key mechanism for removing excess angular momentum, thereby allowing material to drift inwards towards the star through an accretion disk. Such ejections also limit the mass that can be accumulated by the stellar core. To date, these ejections have been observed to be bipolar and highly collimated, in agreement with theory. Here we report observations at very high angular resolution of the proper motions of an arc of water-vapour masers near a very young, massive star in Cepheus. We find that the arc of masers can be fitted to a circle with an accuracy of one part in a thousand, and that the structure is expanding. Only a sphere will always produce a circle in projection, so our observations strongly suggest that the perfectly spherical ejection of material from this star took place about 33 years earlier. The spherical symmetry of the ejecta and its episodic nature are very surprising in the light of present theories.

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@article{Torrelles2001SphericalEE, title={Spherical episodic ejection of material from a young star.}, author={Jos{\'e} Mar{\'i}a Torrelles and Nimesh A. Patel and J. Freire G{\'o}mez and P . T . P . Ho and Laura Rodr{\'i}guez and Guillem Anglada and Guido Garay and Lincoln J. Greenhill and Salvador Curiel and Josep Cant{\'o}}, journal={Nature}, year={2001}, volume={411 6835}, pages={277-80} }