Geodetic and meteorological data, collected via satellites for example, are genuinely scattered, and not confined to any special set of points. Even so, known quadrature formulas used in numerically computing integrals involving such data have had restrictions either on the sites (points) used or, more significantly, on the number of sites required. Here, for the unit sphere embedded in Rq, we obtain quadrature formulas that are exact for spherical harmonics of a fixed order, have nonnegative weights, and are based on function values at scattered sites. To be exact, these formulas require only a number of sites comparable to the dimension of the space. As a part of the proof, we derive L1-Marcinkiewicz-Zygmund inequalities for such sites.1 ∗Research of the authors was sponsored by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Air Force Materiel Command, USAF, under grant numbers F49620-97-1-0211 and F4962098-1-0204. The U.S. Government is authorized to reproduce and distribute reprints for Governmental purposes notwithstanding any copyright notation thereon. The views and conclusions contained herein are those of the authors and should not be interpreted as necessarily representing the official policies or endorsements, either expressed or implied, of the Air Force Office of Scientific Research or the U.S. Government. 1991 Mathematics Subject Classification: 65D32, 41A17, 42C10.