Sphere-Specific Just World Beliefs and Attitudes to AIDS

  title={Sphere-Specific Just World Beliefs and Attitudes to AIDS},
  author={Adrian Furnhaml and Eddie Procter},
  journal={Human Relations},
  pages={265 - 280}
This paper is predicated on the idea that Just World Beliefs (JWB) are multidimensional. It is proposed that individual difference in JWB are divided into three components referring to different spheres of behavior: personal, interpersonal, and social political (Paulus, 1983). A questionnaire was specifically devised to assess these beliefs. There was some evidence of internal reliability. A construct validity study is reported to substantiate the use of the new instrument. It examined the… 
Two spheres of belief in justice: extensive support for the bidimensional model of belief in a just world.
It was demonstrated that belief in a just world for the Self (and not for Others) was correlated to evaluations of the meaning of life, and this confirms the importance of the conceptual and psychometric distinction between these two spheres of the belief inA just world.
Belief in a Just World
In this chapter, we review past and current developments on individual differences in belief in a just world (BJW). Research focusing on measurement of BJW has led to critiques of the original Just
Belief in a Just What? Demystifying Just World Beliefs by Distinguishing Sources of Justice
It is demonstrated that understanding of the BJW concept, and its consequences for behavior, is enhanced if the authors specify what (or who) the source of justice might be, and the importance of distinguishing causal dimensions with regard to who distributes justice is illustrated.
Religiosity and sphere-specific just world beliefs in 16- to 18-year-olds.
One hundred forty-three English school pupils completed the Francis Scale of Attitudes towards Christianity, the GBJWS, the SJW, or the IJW, and the Multidimensional Belief in a Just World Scale, which yields three subscale scores: Sociopolitical Just World Beliefs (SJW), Interpersonal Just World beliefs (IJW), and Personal Just World beliefs (PJW).
Demographic Correlates of Just World and Unjust Beliefs in an Austrian Sample
Investigation of the role of sex and age, as well as religious and political beliefs on just and unjust world beliefs found older males who identified with a more left-wing political orientation tended to have lower scores on just world beliefs on Rubin and Peplau's scale.
Methodological Strategies in Research to Validate Measures of Belief in a Just World
When I first came across Justice Motive Theory (JMT) and related research (Lerner, 1970; Lerner and Simmons, 1966), I was initially confused, then puzzled, and eventually fascinated by the idea that


Belief in a just world: Review and critique of the individual difference literature.
This article attempts a critical review of the literature on self-reported just world beliefs a decade after the last major review. The main focus of the review is on the relationship between
Individual and Social Correlates of the Just World Belief: A Study of Taiwanese College Students
This paper reports the results of a study to identify empirically the nature and correlates of the Just World Belief among Taiwanese college students. Data were collected from over 1,000 students
Sphere-Specific Measures of Perceived Control
Evidence for the multidimensionality of perceived control is briefly reviewed. It is proposed that individual differences in perceived control be partitioned into components associated with three
Just world beliefs in an unjust society: A cross cultural comparison
Groups of matched British students(N = 53) and school-children (N = 70) and South African students(N = 86) and school-children(N = 69) completed the Rubin-Peplau Just World scale which yields three
Personality, gender, and “just world” beliefs
This study investigated the personality correlates of just world beliefs (Rubin & Peplau, 1975) among a sample of Australian undergraduates (93 males; 103 females). Results showed none of the major
Exploratory factor analysis of the Just World Scale using British undergraduates
Factor analysis of the Just World Scale using British undergraduates provides evidence that the scale is multidimensional. Four factors were identified: justness of authority, the just world, the
Cognitive mediators of reactions to rape.
Subjects were exposed to slides that primed different concepts associated with aggression, close personal interactions between men and women, and women as sex objects, and read the testimonies of several rape victims and made judgments concerning both the victim and the alleged rapist.
Individual Correlates of the Belief in a Just World
The relationships between perceived social inequality, evaluated social inequality, the work ethic, political preference, several social-identity variables, and the belief in a just world were
Factor Analytical and Correlational Study of Just World Scale
The purpose of the study was to factor analyze responses by 196 students to the ‘Just World Scale’ by Rubin and Peplau. It was hypothesized that the perception of justice as measured by this scale is
Just world beliefs and attitudes towards the poor.
This study aimed to investigate the demographic correlates of just world beliefs and their relationship to poverty. There were predictable differences in just world beliefs between people of