Sperry Rand's Third-Generation Computers 1964-1980

  title={Sperry Rand's Third-Generation Computers 1964-1980},
  author={George T. Gray and Ronald Q. Smith},
  journal={IEEE Ann. Hist. Comput.},
The change from transistors to integrated circuits in the mid-1960s marked the beginning of third-generation computers. A late entrant (1962) in the general-purpose transistor computer market, Sperry Rand Corporation moved quickly to produce computers using ICs. The Univac 1108's success (1965) reversed the company's declining fortunes in the large-scale arena, while the 9000 series upheld its market share in smaller computers. Sperry Rand failed to develop a successful minicomputer and, faced… 

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