Sperm nuclear halos can transform into normal chromosomes after injection into oocytes.

Abstract

Mouse sperm nuclei extracted with an ionic detergent and 2 M NaCl retain their overall morphology, but upon subsequent reduction of the protamine disulfides they lose all elements of chromatin structure except the organization of DNA into loop that are anchored to the nuclear matrix. These DNA loops appear as a halo surrounding the nuclear matrix, and nuclei extracted in this manner are, therefore, called nuclear halos. Here, we report that sperm nuclear halos injected into oocytes can form pronuclei, then transform into chromosomes with normal morphology. This suggests that sperm nuclear halos retain all the information necessary for normal chromosomal organization, and that micromanipulation of these extracted sperm nuclei can be accomplished without major DNA damage.

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@article{Mohar2002SpermNH, title={Sperm nuclear halos can transform into normal chromosomes after injection into oocytes.}, author={Isaac Mohar and Monika A Szczygiel and Ryuzo Yanagimachi and W Steven Ward}, journal={Molecular reproduction and development}, year={2002}, volume={62 3}, pages={416-20} }