Sperm morphological defects related to environment, lifestyle and medical history of 1001 male partners of pregnant women from four European cities.

@article{Auger2001SpermMD,
  title={Sperm morphological defects related to environment, lifestyle and medical history of 1001 male partners of pregnant women from four European cities.},
  author={Jacques Auger and Florence M Eustache and Anne Grethe Andersen and D. Stewart Irvine and Niels J\orgensen and Niels Erik Skakkebaek and Jyrki Suominen and Jorma Toppari and Matti Vierula and Pierre Jouannet},
  journal={Human reproduction},
  year={2001},
  volume={16 12},
  pages={2710-7}
}
BACKGROUND Recently, differences in semen quality have been found among the partners of pregnant women from four European cities: Turku, Copenhagen, Edinburgh and Paris. METHODS During this study, slides from the four centres were subjected to a centralized assessment of sperm morphology. The percentages of sperm defects were recorded using a multiple-entry classification enabling the calculation of the multiple anomalies index (MAI), which is the mean number of anomalies per abnormal sperm… CONTINUE READING
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