Sperm binding to eggs of Ciona intestinalis. Role of Ca2+.

@article{Casazza1984SpermBT,
  title={Sperm binding to eggs of Ciona intestinalis. Role of Ca2+.},
  author={G. Casazza and R. De Santis and M. Pinto},
  journal={Experimental cell research},
  year={1984},
  volume={155 1},
  pages={
          261-6
        }
}
In this paper we show that in the ascidia Ciona intestinalis extracellular Ca2+ is required for the binding of the spermatozoa to the vitelline coat (VC) glycerol-treated eggs and for fertilization to occur. Divalent cations, Mg2+ and Mn2+, cannot replace Ca2+. Once bound, the spermatozoa cannot be detached from the vitelline coat by adding of EGTA. Verapamil does not interfere with the binding of spermatozoa to the vitelline coat, whereas it blocks the Ca2+ ionophore A23187-induced sperm… Expand
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