Spelling and dialect: Comparisons between speakers of African American vernacular English and White speakers

@article{Treiman2004SpellingAD,
  title={Spelling and dialect: Comparisons between speakers of African American vernacular English and White speakers},
  author={Rebecca Treiman},
  journal={Psychonomic Bulletin \& Review},
  year={2004},
  volume={11},
  pages={338-342}
}
  • R. Treiman
  • Published 1 April 2004
  • Linguistics
  • Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
One characteristic of African American vernacular English (AAVE) is final obstruent devoicing, where the final consonant of a word likerigid is pronounced more like /t/ than /d/. To determine whether this dialect characteristic influences adults’ spelling, African American and White college students spelled words such asrigid andballot, pronounced by either a speaker of their own dialect or a speaker of the other dialect. African Americans, especially those who often devoiced final /d/, were… 
Spelling in African American children: the case of final consonant devoicing
This study examined the effect of dialect variation on children’s spelling by using devoicing of final /d/ in African American Vernacular English (AAVE) as a test case. In line with the linguistic
African American English and Spelling: How do Second Graders Spell Dialect-Sensitive Features of Words?
This study explored the spelling skills of African American second graders who produced African American English (AAE) features in speech. The children (N = 92), who varied in spoken AAE use and word
Improving spelling ability among speakers of African American Vernacular English: An intervention based on phonological, morphological, and orthographic principles
Improving Spelling Ability Among Speakers of African American Vernacular English: An Intervention Based on Phonological, Morphological, and Orthographic Principles. (August 2007) Ramona Trinette
The Spelling of Vowels Is Influenced by Australian and British English Dialect Differences
TLDR
Dialect-related phonological differences influenced the spelling of both beginning and skilled spellers across both familiar and unfamiliar words.
Relations Between Dialect Variation, Grammar, and Early Spelling Skills
Relationships among African American English (AAE), linguistic knowledge, and spelling skills were examined in a sample of 92 children in grades one through three whose speech varied in the frequency
African American English dialect and performance on nonword spelling and phonemic awareness tasks.
TLDR
After Grade 2, nonword spelling may be more sensitive to the effects of dialect variation than are phonemic awareness tasks, and it is suggested that spelling might be a more sensitive clinical indicator of difficulties in integrating the phonological and orthographic information needed for fluent decoding skill.
Spelling vowels in British and Australian English 3 Spelling vowels : the effects of dialect on British and Australian children and adults Learning
Two experiments examined the influence of dialect on the spelling of vowel sounds. British and Australian children (6 to 8 years) and university students wrote words whose unstressed vowel sound is
Dialectal and developmental influences on real word and non-word spelling tasks
Spelling development is a linguistic process which involves the interaction of phonological, orthographic, and morphological knowledge (Bahr, Silliman, & Berninger, in press). It is also clear these
How African American English-Speaking First Graders Segment and Rhyme Words and Nonwords With Final Consonant Clusters.
TLDR
Ryming and phoneme segmentation performance can be influenced by a child's dialect when CVCC words are used and the presence of a model in the real word condition elicited more reduced final cluster responses for both groups.
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