Spectroscopy and the Elements in the Late Nineteenth Century: The Work of Sir William Crookes

@article{DeKosky1973SpectroscopyAT,
  title={Spectroscopy and the Elements in the Late Nineteenth Century: The Work of Sir William Crookes},
  author={Robert K. DeKosky},
  journal={The British Journal for the History of Science},
  year={1973},
  volume={6},
  pages={400 - 423}
}
  • R. K. DeKosky
  • Published 1 December 1973
  • Law
  • The British Journal for the History of Science
Two imposing related problems confronted the chemical spectroscopist of the late nineteenth century. First, he lacked a criterion for judging the validity of claims for elemental discoveries; indeed, he possessed no satisfactory operational definition of the chemical element. Secondly, he felt the need for correlating the spectra of the elements to a conception of their ultimate constitution. 
14 Citations
Sir William Crookes (1832–1919) Biography with special reference to X-rays
Sir William Crookes was one of the most famous scientists towards the end of the 19th and in the early 20th centu­ries and even today, his face with its waxed moustache is easily recognisable among
The Solar Element: A Reconsideration of Helium's Early History
Summary Apart from hydrogen, helium is the most abundant chemical element in the universe, and yet it was only discovered on the Earth in 1895. Its early history is unique because it encompasses
Brodie's Calculus and Chemical Classification
Abstract This essay proposes a new interpretation of the “Calculus of Chemical Operations” of Benjamin Collins Brodie Jr. (1817–1880). Its goals are to re-assess Brodie's motivations and to suggest
II I Rediscovery of the Elements The Rare Earths – TheConfusing Years
The rare earths after Mosander. In the previous HEXAGON “Rediscovery” article, we were introduced to the 17 rare earths, found in the f-block and the Group III chemical family of the Periodic Table.
Creating a Symbol of Science: The Development of a Standard Periodic Table of the Elements
........................................................................................................................................................ ix LIST OF FIGURES
Modelos atômicos no início do século XX: da física clássica à introdução da teoria quântica
Esta pesquisa analisa a historia dos modelos atomicos no inicio do seculo XX a partir das contribuicoes de Joseph John Thomson, Hantaro Nagaoka, Ernest Rutherford, John William Nicholson e Niels Bohr
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 27 REFERENCES
Nineteenth-Century Speculations on the Complexity of the Chemical Elements
  • W. V. Farrar
  • Physics
    The British Journal for the History of Science
  • 1965
Synopsis The atomic theory of Dalton implied that there were more than 30 different kinds of matter, the chemical elements. William Prout (1815) was the first of a long line of distinguished
V. On radiant matter spectroscopy. Part II. Samarium
  • W. Crookes
  • Physics
    Proceedings of the Royal Society of London
  • 1885
In the concluding sentence of the Bakerian Lecture which I had the honour to deliver before the Royal Society, May 31st, 1883, I said that the new method of Radiant Matter Spectroscopy there
The Chemical Elements
MR. LORING'S work on the chemical elements is, like its predecessor “Atomic Theories,” a distinguished piece of amateur work, and will be of interest to research-workers in these subjects, although
The Bakerian Lecture— On radiant matter spectroscopy. A new method of spectrum analysis
  • W. Crookes
  • Physics
    Proceedings of the Royal Society of London
  • 1883
For several years I have been examining the phenomena presented by various substances when struck by the molecular discharge from the negative pole in a highly exhausted tube. I have ventured to call
I. On discontinuous phosphorescent spectra in high vacua
  • W. Crookes
  • Chemistry
    Proceedings of the Royal Society of London
  • 1881
In a paper which I had the honour of presenting to the Royal Society in March, 1879, I drew attention to the fact that many substances, when in high vacua and submitted to the molecular discharge by
IX. On some new elements in gadolinite and samarskite, detected spectroscopically
  • W. Crookes
  • Geology
    Proceedings of the Royal Society of London
  • 1886
The recent discovery by my distinguished friend M. de Boisbandran on the existence of a new element which he calls Dysprosium makes it unadvisable on my part, as a fellow investigator in
XV. On attraction and repulsion resulting from radiation
  • W. Crookes
  • Physics
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London
  • 1874
1. In a paper “On the Atomic Weight of Thallium,” presented to the Royal Society June 18, 1872, after describing a balance with which I was enabled to perform weighings of apparatus &c. in a vacuum,
The development of modern chemistry
A solution to get the problem off, have you found it? Really? What kind of solution do you resolve the problem? From what sources? Well, there are so many questions that we utter every day. No matter
Photographic researches on phosphorescent spectra: on victorium, a new element associated with yttrium
  • W. Crookes
  • Physics
    Proceedings of the Royal Society of London
  • 1900
It has long been known that certain substances enclosed in a vacuon glass bulb phosphoresce brightly when submitted to molecular bombardment from the negative pole of an induction coil.
...
...