Spectroscopic determination of open complex formation at promoters for Escherichia coli RNA polymerase.

A considerable amount of effort has been expended studying the kinetics of association of Escherichia coli RNA polymerase with promoter DNA in forming the open complex. Strand separation occurs over about 12 base pairs and includes the transcription start site. However, these efforts have been significantly hampered by the lack of a sensitive, real time… (More)