Specimen morcellation after laparoscopic radical nephrectomy: confirmation of histologic diagnosis using needle biopsy.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Laparoscopic radical nephrectomy (LRN) is being increasingly offered for the management of renal-cell carcinoma (RCC). Specimen removal may be performed through a small or hand-port incision or by specimen morcellation. Limited studies exist addressing the accuracy of histopathologic diagnosis in morcellated renal tumors. Because of concerns about the lack of a diagnosis secondary to the morcellation process, we performed premorcellation needle biopsies to obtain nondisrupted tissue for pathologic analysis. Herein, we compare the histopathologic diagnosis achieved via needle biopsy prior to morcellation with that of the final specimen. PATIENTS AND METHODS Following successful laparoscopic resection, specimens were entrapped in a Lapsac. Needle biopsies were performed manually through the mouth of the Lapsac, and morcellation was then done in some patients using manual and mechanical methods. The histopathologic diagnoses in the needle biopsy specimens and the morcellated material were compared. RESULTS Laparoscopic radical nephrectomy with specimen morcellation was performed in 15 patients. Nine patients had premorcellation needle biopsies. Eight of these biopsies had sufficient tissue for diagnosis of RCC. This finding correlated with final diagnosis from the morcellated material. Perinephric fat invasion was identified in three morcellated specimens. CONCLUSIONS Needle biopsy prior to specimen morcellation confirmed the histologic diagnosis of the morcellated specimen. This finding suggests that such histopathology material is adequate for diagnosis and may make premorcellation needle biopsy redundant.

Cite this paper

@article{Pautler2002SpecimenMA, title={Specimen morcellation after laparoscopic radical nephrectomy: confirmation of histologic diagnosis using needle biopsy.}, author={Stephen E. Pautler and Stephen M. Hewitt and W. Marston Linehan and M M Walther}, journal={Journal of endourology}, year={2002}, volume={16 2}, pages={89-92} }