Specificity of mutation by UV light and delayed photoreversal in umuC-defective Escherichia coli K-12: a targeting intermediate at pyrimidine dimers.

Abstract

Prototrophic mutants produced by UV light in Escherichia coli K-12 strains with argE3(Oc) and hisG4(Oc) defects are distinguished as backmutations and specific nonsense suppressor mutations. In strains carrying a umuC defect, mutants are not produced unless irradiated cells are incubated and then exposed to photoreversing light (delayed photoreversal mutagenesis). The mutants thus produced are found to be specifically suppressor mutations and not backmutations. The suppressor mutations are primarily glutamine tRNA ochre suppressor mutations, which have been attributed previously to mutation targeted at T = C pyrimidine dimers. In a lexA51 recA441 strain, where the SOS mutagenesis functions are constitutive, targeting at dimers is confirmed by demonstrating that the induction of glutamine tRNA suppressor mutations is susceptible to photoreversal. In the same strain induction of backmutations is not susceptible to photoreversal. Thus delayed photoreversal mutagenesis produces suppressor mutations that can be targeted at pyrimidine dimers and does not produce backmutations that are not targeted at pyrimidine dimers. This correlation supports the idea that delayed photoreversal mutagenesis in umuC defective cells reflects a mutation process arrested at a targeting pyrimidine dimer photoproduct, which is the immediate cause of both the alteration in DNA sequence and the obstruction (unless repaired) to mutation fixation and ultimate expression.

Cite this paper

@article{Bockrath1987SpecificityOM, title={Specificity of mutation by UV light and delayed photoreversal in umuC-defective Escherichia coli K-12: a targeting intermediate at pyrimidine dimers.}, author={Richard C. Bockrath and M Ruiz-Rubio and Bryn A. Bridges}, journal={Journal of bacteriology}, year={1987}, volume={169 4}, pages={1410-6} }