Specific reading disability (dyslexia): what have we learned in the past four decades?

@article{Vellutino2004SpecificRD,
  title={Specific reading disability (dyslexia): what have we learned in the past four decades?},
  author={F. Vellutino and J. Fletcher and M. Snowling and D. Scanlon},
  journal={Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and allied disciplines},
  year={2004},
  volume={45 1},
  pages={
          2-40
        }
}
We summarize some of the most important findings from research evaluating the hypothesized causes of specific reading disability ('dyslexia') over the past four decades. After outlining components of reading ability, we discuss manifest causes of reading difficulties, in terms of deficiencies in component reading skills that might lead to such difficulties. The evidence suggests that inadequate facility in word identification due, in most cases, to more basic deficits in alphabetic coding is… Expand
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