Specific induction of the high-molecular-weight microtubule-associated protein 2 (hmw-MAP2) by betel quid extract in cultured oral keratinocytes: clinical implications in betel quid-associated oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC).


Betel quid (BQ) chewing, a popular habit in numerous Asian countries including India and Taiwan, has a strong correlation with an increased risk of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). While substantial efforts have been made to test the cytotoxic, genotoxic and mutagenic effects of BQ extract and its components, the disease mechanisms underlying BQ-induced… (More)


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