Specific immune milk production of cows implanted with antigen-release devices.

Abstract

A new antigen-release device (ARD) that can be implanted to enhance the titer of specific IgG and concentration of total IgG in milk of lactating cows was evaluated. An immunostimulating complex-based vaccine in the core of the ARD was made from the adjuvant Quil A and type XIII lipase from Pseudomonas spp. with a polylactide acid capsule that was used to control antigen release. Forty lactating Holstein dairy cows were divided into 2 groups (n = 20). All cows in the test group were implanted in the right iliac lymph node with 3 types of ARD at the same time, which were designed to release antigens on different days. The other group was used as a control with no implantation. The 3 ARD were designed to release the antigen on d 0, 14, and 28 after implantation. Specific IgG titers in whey and serum were measured by indirect ELISA, and total IgG concentrations were measured using sandwich ELISA. The results indicated that ARD implantation brought no negative effects on the health status, production performance of cows, and caused neither subclinical nor acute mastitis. The levels of specific IgG in serum (200,000 +/- 45,000 vs. 1,200 +/- 360) and whey (41,000 +/- 6,000 vs. 820 +/- 210) increased in the cows implanted with ARD. Specific IgG in whey was increased after 9 d. The dynamics of specific IgG titer demonstrated a pattern with the release of the antigen from 3 types of ARD. The average ELISA titer of test group in whey was 41,000 +/- 6,000, which suggested high efficiency of immune milk production caused by the ARD implantation. For total IgG in milk, greater concentration in the test compared with the control cows occurred from 11 to 20 d following implantation. The IgG mass was consistent with the dynamics of specific IgG titer and was higher from 15 to 30 d between test and control group (7.89 +/- 1.34 vs. 6.48 +/- 1.17 g). In conclusion, ARD implantation was effective in improving specific antibody concentration in serum and whey. Furthermore, the whey:serum ratio of specific IgG titer, the milk:serum ratio of total IgG concentration and total IgG mass in milk suggested that a transiently upregulated IgG transfer occurred after ARD implantation.

DOI: 10.3168/jds.2008-1114

Cite this paper

@article{Liu2009SpecificIM, title={Specific immune milk production of cows implanted with antigen-release devices.}, author={G Lisheng Liu and Jia Wang and Deng Pan Bu and Jen Bo Cheng and C G Zhang and Huachen Wei and Lingli Zhou and K . L . Liu and Xin Dong}, journal={Journal of dairy science}, year={2009}, volume={92 1}, pages={100-8} }