Specific amino acid substitutions in human collagenase cause decreased autoproteolysis and reveal a requirement for a second zinc atom for catalytic activity.

Abstract

We have previously reported the crystal structure of truncated human collagenase (domain II) complexed with a low molecular weight inhibitor. Attempts to crystallize full-length active collagenase (i.e. domain II + III) have been hindered by autoproteolysis at the domain II/III junction at high protein concentrations. To overcome this problem, we have generated an inactive enzyme via a H149-->L,D151-->N double substitution which displaces the non-catalytic zinc atom, and shown that the altered collagenase is unable to cleave a synthetic substrate. We have also generated an 1251-->S substitution at the domain II/III junction and demonstrate an increased resistance to proteolysis compared to wild-type collagenase.

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@article{Williams1994SpecificAA, title={Specific amino acid substitutions in human collagenase cause decreased autoproteolysis and reveal a requirement for a second zinc atom for catalytic activity.}, author={Dudley H. Williams and Elsa J. Brochmann Murray}, journal={FEBS letters}, year={1994}, volume={354 3}, pages={267-70} }