Specific Language Impairment and Early Second Language Acquisition: The Risk of Over- and Underdiagnosis

  title={Specific Language Impairment and Early Second Language Acquisition: The Risk of Over- and Underdiagnosis},
  author={Angela Grimm and Petra Schulz},
  journal={Child Indicators Research},
Child and family risk factors of Specific Language Impairment (SLI), including delayed mastery of early language milestones and family history of language impairment, have been found to affect more SLI children than typically developing (TD) children. However, little to no research has examined whether prevalence differs between monolingual and early second language (eL2) learners. Furthermore, the degree of misdiagnosis in clinical settings is unknown as well as whether monolingual and eL2… 

Parent Questionnaires in Screening for Developmental Language Disorder Among Bilingual Children in Speech and Language Clinics

Screening for Developmental Language Disorder (DLD) among bilingual children in Speech and Language Clinics is challenged by the use of Societal Language (SL) monolingual norms and by the absence of

Case History Risk Factors for Specific Language Impairment: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

  • J. Rudolph
  • Psychology, Medicine
    American journal of speech-language pathology
  • 2017
At least 4 case history factors are as predictive as late talker status in the context of early identification of toddlers at risk for SLI, and the importance of taking a child's genetic and environmental context into consideration when deciding whether further evaluation and early intervention services are warranted is highlighted.

A study of inhibition in preschool children at risk of Developmental Language Disorder

Background: For many years, research and practice have noted the impact of the heterogeneous nature of Developmental Language Disorder (DLD also known as language impairment or specific language

Identification of Specific Learning Disorders and Specific Language Impairment: Issues and Experience in India

This chapter addresses the problem in identification of the children with Specific Learning Disorders (SLD) who have difficulty in acquisition of skills necessary for age-appropriate scholastic

Assessment of bilingual children: What if testing both languages is not possible?

Language impairment in bilingual children : State of the art 2017

Several migration waves within the past two decades have led to an increase in the number of children worldwide who start (pre)school in a language that is not their home language. While teachers can

Which Measures Better Discriminate Language Minority Bilingual Children With and Without Developmental Language Disorder? A Study Testing a Combined Protocol of First and Second Language Assessment.

The results reinforce the idea that no single measure can be considered optimal in distinguishing children with DLD from typical peers, and offer a concrete example of an effective and efficient protocol with which to discriminate LMBC with and without DLD.

Using Informal Measures to Separate Language Impairment From Language Influence When Working With Diverse Students

  • Scott Prath
  • Linguistics
    Perspectives of the ASHA Special Interest Groups
  • 2019
Determining whether language errors result from native language influence or speech-language impairment can be challenging for professionals diagnosing and treating children from diverse

Examining language patterns and growth of "at risk" bilingual children

The goal of this report was to explore ways to differentiate the performance of early school-aged Spanish-English bilingual children in U.S. public schools, who appear “at-risk” for language

Identifying language impairment in bilingual children in France and in Germany.

BACKGROUND The detection of specific language impairment (SLI) in children growing up bilingually presents particular challenges for clinicians. Non-word repetition (NWR) and sentence repetition (SR)



Prevalence of specific language impairment in kindergarten children.

The prevalence estimates obtained fell within recent estimates for SLI, but demonstrated that this condition is more prevalent among females than has been previously reported.

Factors Associated With Specific Language Impairment and Later Language Development During Early Life: A Literature Review

A review of factors associated with later language development and SLI, and the risk for children who have SLI during early life is reviewed, to ensure early intervention for children with SLI in the presence of identified risk factors.

Outcomes of early language delay: II. Etiology of transient and persistent language difficulties.

Two-year-old children with vocabulary scores below the 10th centile were selected from a cohort of over 2,800 same-sex twin pairs whose language was assessed by parental report at 2, 3, and 4 years of age to study heritability of 2-year vocabulary delay.

Look who's talking: a prospective study of familial transmission of language impairments.

It is indicated that children with a positive family history for language impairments are at risk for language delay; the results also support a familial component tolanguage impairments.

Assessment of English language learners: using parent report on first language development.

A family aggregation study: the influence of family history and other risk factors on language development.

Family aggregation of SLI was examined for a unique sample of children who were ascertained before 6 months of age and thus did not have SLI, but were born into a family with a positive history of SLI (FH+).

Language delay in a community cohort of young children.

When social competence is adjusted for in the multivariable model, behavior problems are no longer associated with language delay, suggesting that poor social competence rather than behavior problems may be the critical early correlate of low expressive language development.

Language impairment in Swedish bilingual children: a comparison between bilingual and monolingual children in Malmö

Bilingual children referred over a 12‐mo period to University Hospital in Malmo for suspected language impairment ran a significantly lower risk of being referred by a child health centre, but the risk increased with severity of language impairment.

Familial aggregation in specific language impairment.

Group data showed impairment rates estimated from the family-history questionnaires to be similar to the rates based on actual testing, and case-by-case analyses showed poor intrasubject agreement on classification as language impaired on the basis of current testing as compared to history information.