Species-specific color-pattern modifications of butterfly wings.

  title={Species-specific color-pattern modifications of butterfly wings.},
  author={Joji M. Otaki and Haruhiko Yamamoto},
  journal={Development, growth & differentiation},
  volume={46 1},
We have previously shown that the systemic injection of sodium tungstate, a general protein-tyrosine phosphatase (PTPase) inhibitor, efficiently produces characteristic color-pattern modifications on the wings of the Painted Lady butterfly, Vanessa cardui. By using this method in the present study, we analyzed modification patterns of six species of Japanese butterflies. Whereas in Vanessa indica the black spots on the forewings reduced in size in response to the treatment, in Lycaena phlaeas… CONTINUE READING
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