Species-specific cell mobility of bacteria-feeding myxamoebae in plasmodial slime molds.

Abstract

On decaying wood or litter in forests, plasmodial slime molds (myxomycetes) represent a large fraction of eukaryotic protists that feed on bacteria. In his seminal book Experimental Physiology of Plants (1865), Julius Sachs referred to the multinucleate plasmodium of myxomycetes, which were considered at that time as primitive plants (or fungi). Today it is well established that myxomycetes are members of the Amoebozoa (Protista). In this study we compare the mobility of myxamoebae of 3 European species, Lycogala epidendrum (order Liceales), Tubulifera arachnoidea, and Trichia decipiens (order Trichiales). Using agar plates, on which 3 separate bacterial species were cultivated as prey organisms (Methylobacterium mesophilicum, Escherichia coli, Agrobacterium tumefaciens), we document large differences in cell motility between the myxomycetes investigated. In addition, we show that the 3 species of myxamoebae can be distinguished based on their average cell size. These data shed light on the mode of co-occurrence via differential substrate utilization in these members of the Amoebozoa.

DOI: 10.1080/15592324.2015.1074368

Cite this paper

@article{Hoppe2015SpeciesspecificCM, title={Species-specific cell mobility of bacteria-feeding myxamoebae in plasmodial slime molds.}, author={Thomas Hoppe and Ulrich Kutschera}, journal={Plant signaling & behavior}, year={2015}, volume={10 9}, pages={e1074368} }