Species of the toxic Pfiesteria complex, and the importance of functional type in data interpretation.

@article{Burkholder2001SpeciesOT,
  title={Species of the toxic Pfiesteria complex, and the importance of functional type in data interpretation.},
  author={Joann M. Burkholder and Howard B. Glasgow and Nora Deamer-Melia and Jan Springer and Matthew W. Parrow and Chunyang Zhang and Perrine Cancellieri},
  journal={Environmental Health Perspectives},
  year={2001},
  volume={109},
  pages={667 - 679}
}
We describe the two species of the toxic Pfiesteria complex to date (Pfiesteria piscicida and Pfiesteria shumwayae), their complex life cycles, and the characteristics required for inclusion within this complex. These species resemble P. piscicida Steidinger & Burkholder and also have a) strong attraction to fresh fish tissues and excreta, b) toxic activity stimulated by live fish, and c) production of toxin that can cause fish death and disease. Amoeboid stages were verified in 1992-1997 by… CONTINUE READING