Species of Political Parties

  title={Species of Political Parties},
  author={Richard Gunther and Larry Diamond},
  journal={Party Politics},
  pages={167 - 199}
While the literature already includes a large number of party typologies, they are increasingly incapable of capturing the great diversity of party types that have emerged worldwide in recent decades, largely because most typologies were based upon West European parties as they existed in the late nineteenth through mid-twentieth centuries. Some new party types have been advanced, but in an ad hoc manner and on the basis of widely varying and often inconsistent criteria. This article is an… 

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