Species Richness, Endemism, and the Choice of Areas for Conservation

@article{Kerr1997SpeciesRE,
  title={Species Richness, Endemism, and the Choice of Areas for Conservation},
  author={Jeremy T. Kerr},
  journal={Conservation Biology},
  year={1997},
  volume={11},
  pages={1094-1100}
}
  • J. Kerr
  • Published 16 October 1997
  • Biology
  • Conservation Biology
Although large reserve networks will be integral components in successful biodiversity conserva- tion, implementation of such systems is hindered by the confusion over the relative importance of endemism and species richness. There is evidence (Prendergast et al. 1993) that regions with high richness for a taxon tend to be different from those with high endemism. I tested this finding using distribution and richness data for 368 species from Mammalia, Lasioglossum , Plusiinae, and Papilionidae… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Aligning conservation goals: are patterns of species richness and endemism concordant at regional scales?
TLDR
The results offer only limited support for the idea that richness and endemism are correlated at broad scales and indicate that land managers will need to balance these dual, and often conflicting, goals of biodiversity conservation.
Assessing patterns of plant endemism in neotropical uplands
  • S. Knapp
  • Biology
    The Botanical Review
  • 2008
TLDR
This article examines patterns of species richness and range-size rarity, or endemism, in the Neotropics with a data set from the genusSolanum (Solanaceae), and problems with quantitative data sets in conservation are discussed.
Complementarity and the use of indicator groups for reserve selection in Uganda
A major obstacle to conserving tropical biodiversity is the lack of information as to where efforts should be concentrated. One potential solution is to focus on readily assessed indicator groups,
Unraveling the patterns of small mammal species richness in the southernmost aridlands of South America.
Abstract Understanding the patterns of species richness is a critical aspect for the conservation of biodiversity. Patagonia is located southern of 40°S, mostly covered by an aridland and is the only
Patterns of small mammal species richness in mediterranean and temperate Chile
TLDR
The results show that energy input and to a lesser degree glaciations may explain richness pattern of small mammals from forest habitats in Chile, whereas glaciations and topographic heterogeneity are associated with endemicity patterns.
Capercaillie (Tetrao urogallus) and Avian Biodiversity: Testing the Umbrella‐Species Concept
TLDR
Both Capercaillie and mountain birds responded positively to forest structure characterized by intermediate openness, multistoried tree layer, presence of ecotonal conditions, and abundant cover of ericaceous shrubs, and may be a useful umbrella species, at least for that part of avian biodiversity of conserva- tion interest.
Biogeography of Chilean herpetofauna: distributional patterns of species richness and endemism
TLDR
The richness and endemism patterns registered for Chilean herpetological taxa may be explained by an historical mechanism, in accordance with previous biogeographical proposals, and inclusion of new protected areas at the regional level for the Mediterranean region of south-central Chile and for local northern and southern quadrats with high species richness andEndemism is suggested.
Global meta-analysis reveals low consistency of biodiversity congruence relationships.
TLDR
It is shown that studies of cross-taxon congruence rarely give consistent results, and the assumption that a subset of taxa can be representative of biodiversity is undermined.
Towards biodiversity hotspots effective for conserving mammals with small geographic ranges
TLDR
It is demonstrated that index hotspot types are highly efficient because they conserve 79% of mammal species (21% more species than richness hotspots types), and selection of different diversity measures to define hotspots may strongly affect the achievement of conservation goals.
Landscape heterogeneity in relation to variations in epigaeic beetle diversity of a Mediterranean ecosystem. Implications for conservation
Habitat heterogeneity is a determinant cause of biological diversity in natural ecosystems, and therefore its preservation should be a priority when planning conservation strategies. Sierra de Baza,
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 36 REFERENCES
Rare species, the coincidence of diversity hotspots and conservation strategies
SPECIES conservation in situ requires networks of protected areas selected for high conservation interest1–3. Throughout most of the world, however, there are neither the resources nor the time to
Global Patterns of Mammalian Diversity, Endemism, and Endangerment
To assess the conservation status of the world’s land mammals, we compiled data on the number of total species, endemic species, recently extinct species, and currently endangered species for 155
Energy and Large-Scale Patterns of Animal- and Plant-Species Richness
TLDR
It is found that, in the four vertebrate classes studied, 80%-93% of the variability in species richness could be statistically explained by a monotonically increasing function of a single variable: annual potential evapotranspiration (PET).
Habitat heterogeneity as a determinant of mammal species richness in high-energy regions
A fundamental problem in ecological research is to explain large-scale gradients in species richness1,2. Although many causative agents for this phenomenon have been suggested, the species
Large-scale biogeographical patterns of species richness of trees
Biologists have long recognized the striking geographical variability of species richness1. A primary goal of contemporary ecology is to identify the factors responsible for this variability2. We
World‐Wide Species Richness Patterns of Tiger Beetles (Coleoptera: Cicindelidae): Indicator Taxon for Biodiversity and Conservation Studies
The family of tiger beetles (Cicindelidae) is an appropriate indicator taxon for determining regional patterns of biodiversity because (1) its taxonomy is stabilized; (2) its biology and general life
Patterns in tree species richness as a test of the glacial extinction hypothesis
IT is well established that Europe has far fewer tree species and genera than either eastern North America or eastern Asia1–3. Fossil evidence shows that west-central Europe had a much richer tree
Species-area curves and populations of large mammals in African savanna reserves
TLDR
Findings imply that very large reserves are necessary to ensure the survival of the diversity of the diverse large mammal communities characteristic of the African savannas.
Threatened biotas: "Hot spots" in tropical forests
  • N. Myers
  • Biology, Medicine
    The Environmentalist
  • 1988
TLDR
10 areas that, a) are characterised by exceptional concentrations of species with high levels of endemism and b) are experiencing unusually rapid rates of depletion are identified, so conservationists can engage in a more systematised response to the challenge of largescale extinctions impending in tropical forests.
What to protect?—Systematics and the agony of choice
TLDR
It is concluded that two basic rounds of analysis are required: recognition of global priority areas by taxic diversity techniques; and, within any such area, analysis without taxic weighting to identify a network of reserves to contain all local taxa and ecosystems.
...
1
2
3
4
...