Spawning, development, and the duration of larval life in a deep-sea cold-seep mussel.

  title={Spawning, development, and the duration of larval life in a deep-sea cold-seep mussel.},
  author={Shawn M. Arellano and Craig M. Young},
  journal={The Biological bulletin},
  volume={216 2},
We describe culturing techniques and development for the cold-seep mussel "Bathymodiolus" childressi, the only deep-sea bivalve for which development has been detailed. Spawning was induced in mature mussels by injection of 2 mmol l(-1) serotonin into the anterior adductor muscle. The mean egg diameter is 69.15 +/- 2.36 microm (+/-S.D.; n = 50) and eggs are negatively buoyant. Cleavages are spiral and at 7-8 degrees C occur at a rate of one per 3-9 h through hatching, with free-swimming… CONTINUE READING
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