Spatio-temporal patterns of the Norway spruce decline in the Beskid Śląski and Żywiecki ( Western Carpathians ) in southern Poland

@inproceedings{Grodzki2008SpatiotemporalPO,
  title={Spatio-temporal patterns of the Norway spruce decline in the Beskid Śląski and Żywiecki ( Western Carpathians ) in southern Poland},
  author={Wojciech Grodzki},
  year={2008}
}
A dramatic forest decline due to the bark beetle outbreak, which occurs in the Norway spruce stands in the Western Beskidy (southern Poland) since 2003, was started after severe physiological drought during winter time. An analysis describing some spatio-temporal characteristics of this process, with special regard to the patterns of bark beetle occurrence related to root fungal diseases, is presented. In 2003 the bark beetle occurrence level assessed as high and catastrophic was recorded on 40… CONTINUE READING