Spatially mismatched trophic dynamics: cyclically outbreaking geometrids and their larval parasitoids.


For trophic interactions to generate population cycles and complex spatio-temporal patterns, like travelling waves, the spatial dynamics must be matched across trophic levels. Here, we propose a spatial methodological approach for detecting such spatial match-mismatch and apply it to geometrid moths and their larval parasitoids in northern Norway, where… (More)
DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2009.1002

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