Spatializing States: Toward an Ethnography of Neoliberal Governmentality

  title={Spatializing States: Toward an Ethnography of Neoliberal Governmentality},
  author={James Ferguson and Akhil Gupta},
  journal={American Ethnologist},
In this exploratory article, we ask how states come to be understood as entities with particular spatial characteristics, and how changing relations between practices of government and national territories may be challenging long-established modes of state spatiality. In the first part of this article, we seek to identify two principles that are key to state spatialization: vertically (thestate is "above"society) andencompassm ent (thestate "encompasses" its localities). We use ethnographic… Expand
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