Spatial variability and temporal trends in water-use efficiency of European forests.

  title={Spatial variability and temporal trends in water-use efficiency of European forests.},
  author={Matthias Saurer and Renato Spahni and David C. Frank and Fortunat Joos and Markus Leuenberger and Neil J Loader and Danny McCarroll and Mary H Gagen and Ben Poulter and Rolf T W Siegwolf and Laia Andreu-Hayles and Tatjana Boettger and Isabel Dorado Li{\~n}{\'a}n and Ian J Fairchild and Michael Friedrich and Emilia Guti{\'e}rrez and Marika Haupt and Emmi Hilasvuori and Ingo Heinrich and Gerd Helle and H{\aa}kan Grudd and Risto Jalkanen and Tom Levani{\vc} and Hans W Linderholm and Iain Robertson and Eloni Sonninen and Kerstin S. Treydte and John S. Waterhouse and Ewan J Woodley and Peter M. Wynn and Giles H. F. Young},
  journal={Global change biology},
  volume={20 12},
The increasing carbon dioxide (CO2 ) concentration in the atmosphere in combination with climatic changes throughout the last century are likely to have had a profound effect on the physiology of trees: altering the carbon and water fluxes passing through the stomatal pores. However, the magnitude and spatial patterns of such changes in natural forests remain highly uncertain. Here, stable carbon isotope ratios from a network of 35 tree-ring sites located across Europe are investigated to… CONTINUE READING
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