Spatial soil heterogeneity has a greater effect on symbiotic arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities and plant growth than genetic modification with Bacillus thuringiensis toxin genes

@article{Cheeke2015SpatialSH,
  title={Spatial soil heterogeneity has a greater effect on symbiotic arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities and plant growth than genetic modification with Bacillus thuringiensis toxin genes},
  author={Tanya E Cheeke and Ursel M. E. Sch{\"u}tte and Chris Hemmerich and M. B. Cruzan and T. Rosenstiel and J. Bever},
  journal={Molecular Ecology},
  year={2015},
  volume={24}
}
Maize, genetically modified with the insect toxin genes of Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt), is widely cultivated, yet its impacts on soil organisms are poorly understood. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) form symbiotic associations with plant roots and may be uniquely sensitive to genetic changes within a plant host. In this field study, the effects of nine different lines of Bt maize and their corresponding non‐Bt parental isolines were evaluated on AMF colonization and community diversity in… Expand
23 Citations
Local diversity of native arbuscular mycorrhizal symbionts differentially affects growth and nutrition of three crop plant species
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