Spatial process and data models: Toward integration of agent-based models and GIS

@article{Brown2005SpatialPA,
  title={Spatial process and data models: Toward integration of agent-based models and GIS},
  author={Daniel G. Brown and Rick L. Riolo and Derek T. Robinson and Michael J. North and William Rand},
  journal={Journal of Geographical Systems},
  year={2005},
  volume={7},
  pages={25-47}
}
Abstract.The use of object-orientation for both spatial data and spatial process models facilitates their integration, which can allow exploration and explanation of spatial-temporal phenomena. In order to better understand how tight coupling might proceed and to evaluate the possible functional and efficiency gains from such a tight coupling, we identify four key relationships affecting how geographic data (fields and objects) and agent-based process models can interact: identity, causal… 
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