Spatial metrics to study urban patterns in growing and shrinking cities

  title={Spatial metrics to study urban patterns in growing and shrinking cities},
  author={Jos{\'e} Pedro Reis and Elisabete A. Silva and Paulo Pinho},
  journal={Urban Geography},
  pages={246 - 271}
This article reviews existing literature on spatial metrics, presenting a portfolio of metrics addressing the spatial patterns of growing and shrinking cities and discussing their potential and limitations. A wide and diverse set of spatial metrics was found. While these metrics address most of the identified spatial patterns of urban growth, spatial metrics used in urban shrinkage studies are much scarcer and not nearly sufficient to provide a comprehensive assessment of its spatial patterns… 

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