Spatial imagery in deductive reasoning: a functional MRI study.

@article{Knauff2002SpatialII,
  title={Spatial imagery in deductive reasoning: a functional MRI study.},
  author={Markus Knauff and Thomas Mulack and Jan Kassubek and Helmut R. Salih and Mark W. Greenlee},
  journal={Brain research. Cognitive brain research},
  year={2002},
  volume={13 2},
  pages={
          203-12
        }
}
A Neuro-Cognitive Theory of Deductive Relational Reasoning with Mental Models and Visual Images
  • M. Knauff
  • Biology, Psychology
    Spatial Cogn. Comput.
  • 2009
TLDR
The aim of the paper is to resolve the inconsistencies in the previous literature on reasoning and imagery and to develop a neurally and cognitively plausible theory of human relational reasoning.
Reasoning and working memory: common and distinct neuronal processes
Reasoning, Models, and Images: Behavioral Measures and Cortical Activity
TLDR
The results indicate that cortical activity during reasoning depends on the nature of verbal relations, and all relations elicit mental models that underlie reasoning, but visual relations in addition elicit visual images.
The dynamics of deductive reasoning: An fMRI investigation
fMRI Evidence for a Three-Stage Model of Deductive Reasoning
TLDR
The neurocognitive processes underlying logical thinking with event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging are investigated with three temporally separable phases: the premise processing phase, the premise integration phase, and the validation phase in which reasoners decide whether a conclusion logically follows from the premises.
fMRI Evidence for a Three-Stage Model of Deductive Reasoning
TLDR
The neurocognitive processes underlying logical thinking with event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging are investigated with three temporally separable phases: the premise processing phase, the premise integration phase, and the validation phase in which reasoners decide whether a conclusion logically follows from the premises.
The Hippocampal System Mediates Logical Reasoning about Familiar Spatial Environments
TLDR
Support is provided for the generalization of dual mechanism theory to transitive reasoning and the importance of the hippocampal system in reasoning about familiar spatial environments is highlighted.
The Neural Correlates of Relational Reasoning: A Meta-analysis of 47 Functional Magnetic Resonance Studies
TLDR
A meta-analysis of 47 neuroimaging studies found activation of the frontoparietal network during both deductive and inductive Reasoning, with additional activation in an extended network during inductive reasoning in the basal ganglia and the inferior parietal cortex.
Paradoxical Reasoning: An fMRI Study
TLDR
Results confirmed that different brain activation patterns are engaged for paradoxical vs. deductive reasoning providing a basis for future studies on human physiological as well as pathological reasoning.
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