Spatial distortions and processing latencies in the onset repulsion and Fröhlich effects

Abstract

In the Fröhlich illusion, the first position of a moving target is mis-localized in the direction of motion. In the onset repulsion effect, the opposite error occurs. To reconcile these conflicting error patterns, we improved previous methods by using natural pointing movements and a large range of target velocities. Displacement was found to increase in the direction of motion, but the linear function relating velocity and displacement was shifted opposite to the direction of target motion. The results suggest that onset localization may be determined by two independent factors: first, an (attentional) delay that accounts for the increase of displacement in the direction of motion with increasing velocity. This delay is visible in motor and probe judgments and explains the Fröhlich illusion. Second, motor judgments are offset opposite to the direction of target motion. This bias is unique to motor judgments (pointing) and may be partially explained by attentional repulsion.

DOI: 10.1016/j.visres.2003.10.011

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@article{Kerzel2004SpatialDA, title={Spatial distortions and processing latencies in the onset repulsion and Fr{\"{o}hlich effects}, author={Dirk Kerzel and Karl R. Gegenfurtner}, journal={Vision Research}, year={2004}, volume={44}, pages={577-590} }