Spatial and temporal variability in the distribution, daily activity and diet of fennec fox (Vulpes zerda), red fox (Vulpes vulpes) and African golden wolf (Caniss anthus) in southern Tunisia

  title={Spatial and temporal variability in the distribution, daily activity and diet of fennec fox (Vulpes zerda), red fox (Vulpes vulpes) and African golden wolf (Caniss anthus) in southern Tunisia},
  author={Yamna Karssene and Mohsen Chammem and Fengqing Li and Ahmed Eddine and Ansorge Hermann and Sa{\"i}d Nouira},
  journal={Mammalian Biology},
In this study, we investigated the habitat, the daily activity and the trophic niche overlap of three carnivores found in southern Tunisia, namely the fennec fox (Vulpes zerda), the red fox (Vulpes vulpes) and the African golden wolf (Canis anthus) over seasons. To achieve this goal, we surveyed 300-meter transects in Sidi Toui National Park (N=29) and in Oued Dekouk Natural Reserve (N=24) over a year. Using information provided by camera trap photos and scats analysis; we determined daily… 
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Noninvasive DNA sampling and camera trapping suggest dramatic regional conservation status of an understudied carnivore: the Rüppell’s fox in Tunisia
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As was suggested by behavioural records, the diet of the fennec fox was mainly carnivorous, but included a significant amount of vegetal items, particularly dates collected in oases.
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The relationships between the main abiotic environmental variables, food availability, dict, activity and home range size of the fox in a Mediterranean mixed pinewood were assessed. Food habits were
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A high degree of interspecies spatial overlap was apparent, with fox home ranges being overlapped by coyote home ranges by as much as 100% and coyote sign (tracks and scats) being evident in all swift Fox home ranges.
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