Spatial analysis of mass trapping: how close is close enough?

  title={Spatial analysis of mass trapping: how close is close enough?},
  author={David M Suckling and Lloyd D. Stringer and John M. Kean and Peter L. Lo and Vaughn A Bell and James T. S. Walker and Andrew M. Twidle and Alfredo Jim{\'e}nez-P{\'e}rez and Ashraf M. El-Sayed},
  journal={Pest management science},
  volume={71 10},
BACKGROUND The identification of new attractants can present opportunities for developing mass trapping, but standard screening methods are needed to expedite this. We have developed a simple approach based on quantifying trap interference in 4 × 4 trap arrays with different spacings. We discuss results from sex pheromones in Lepidoptera (light brown apple moth, Epiphyas postvittana), Diptera (apple leaf curling midge, Dasineura mali) and Homoptera (citrophilous mealybug, Pseudococcus… 

Tables from this paper

Experimental high-density trapping of social wasps: target kairomones for workers or gynes for drones?

It is proposed that the gyne sex pheromone be identified and investigated for potential use in area-wide suppression, as it holds more promise as an attractant than the kairomones tested.

Mass Trapping Drosophila suzukii, What Would It Take? A Two-Year Field Study on Trap Interference

It was found in this two-year field study that workable trap densities can be expected to control D. suzukii control and how far traps should be maximally spaced in a grid was found.

Protecting avocado trees from ambrosia beetles by repellents and mass trapping (push–pull): experiments and simulations

The polyphagous shot hole borer (PSHB), Euwallacea fornicatus (Eichhoff), is an ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) infesting avocado branches Persea americana Mill. in North America, South

Protecting avocado trees from ambrosia beetles by repellents and mass trapping (push–pull): experiments and simulations

The polyphagous shot hole borer (PSHB), Euwallacea fornicatus (Eichhoff), is an ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) infesting avocado branches Persea americana Mill. in North America, South

Deployment of the sex pheromone of Pseudococcus calceolariae (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) as a potential new tool for mass trapping in citrus in South Australia

Assessment of the efficacy of the P. calceolariae sex pheromone as a mass trapping tool in citrus in South Australia showed promise as an effective management technique for mealybugs, but challenges such as male multiple mating and mealybug airborne dispersal still need to be overcome.

A novel, easy method for estimating pheromone trap attraction range: application to the pine sawyer beetle Monochamus galloprovincialis

The interference between paired traps provides a simple and robust method for estimating the attraction range of pheromone traps.

Monitoring and mass-trapping methodologies using pheromones: the lesser date moth Batrachedra amydraula

The encounter-rate equations with the pheromone trap EARc are developed to model the interplay between population levels, trap density and captures that are useful for detection of invasive LDM and its control by mass trapping.

Mass-Trapping Codling Moth, Cydia pomonella (Lepidopteran: Torticidae), Using a Kairomone Lure Reduces Fruit Damage in Commercial Apple Orchards

Using a three-component kairomone lure that attracts both sexes, mass-trapping C. pomonella in 4-acre plots located within commercial apple orchards showed potential to be a novel and promising addition to integrated pest management of this major pest of pome fruits.

Kairomone and Camera Trapping New Zealand Flower Thrips, Thrips obscuratus

The results suggest that 6-PAP has proved to be a useful tool for monitoring NZFT numbers, but is not likely to be suitable for mass trapping, and future research should investigate NZFT behavior to better understand population movement on an area-wide basis.

Dispersal and competitive release affect the management of native and invasive tephritid fruit flies in large and smallholder farms in Ethiopia

Although ME-based methods can effectively suppress B. dorsalis, they were not effective at single smallholder scale due to the high dispersive propensity of tephritids, and competitive release implies the need for a combination of lures and methods.



A EFFECTIVE ATTRACTION RADIUS: Method for Comparing Species Attractants Determining Densities of Flying Insects and

A novel concept, the effective attraction radius (EAR), is presented for comparing attractants of species, which is independent of insect density, locality, or duration of test, and thus should correlate positively with the strength of the attractant and the distance of attraction.

Potential of Mass Trapping for Long-Term Pest Management and Eradication of Invasive Species

It is concluded that mass trapping has good potential to suppress or eradicate low-density, isolated pest populations; however, its full potential in pest management has not been adequately realized and therefore encourages further research and development of this technology.

Optimum spacing of pheromone traps for monitoring the coffee leaf miner Leucoptera coffeella

The spatial analysis indicated that a trap density of one pheromone trap for every 3.5–4 ha would be adequate for the monitoring of the coffee leaf miner, Leucoptera coffeella, and found interference between traps when intertrap distances were shorter than 10 m.

Efficient Mass Trapping: Catching the Pest, Calliphora vicina, (Diptera, Calliphoridae), of Norwegian Stockfish Production

Mass-trapping with a female-attracting kairomone, and using traps of different functionality to extend the critical trapping period, in accord with pest phenology, is an efficient method for control of C. vicina in stockfish production in Loften, Norway.

Mass Trapping of Prays nephelomima (Lepidoptera: Yponomeutidae) in Citrus Orchards: Optimizing Trap Design and Density

Increased trap density reduced the percentage of flowers infested with P. nephelomima larvae and reduced the number of moths emerging from flowers, indicating that the optimal trap density for reducing rindspot damage is likely to be between 30 and 100 traps per ha.

Orientation of bark beetlesPityogenes chalcographus andIps typographus to pheromonebaited puddle traps placed in grids: A new trap for control of scolytids

  • J. Byers
  • Environmental Science
    Journal of Chemical Ecology
  • 2004
A puddle trap was designed that is simple to build and efficient in catching bark beetles (Coleoptera: Scolytidae), and beetles were increasingly disrupted in their orientation to pheromone at the closer trap spacings since the effective catch radius declined linearly with closer trap spacing.

Mating disruption or mass trapping? Numerical simulation analysis of a control strategy for lepidopteran pests

A simulation model applicable to both mass trapping and mating disruption for lepidopteran insect pests is constructed, finding that long-living pests are hard to control and Protandry does not improve control efficiency for pests with low survival rates.

Potential of high‐density pheromone‐releasing microtraps for control of codling moth Cydia pomonella and obliquebanded leafroller Choristoneura rosaceana

Both studies suggest that an attract‐and‐remove approach has the potential to provide superior control of moth populations compared with that achieved by mating disruption operating by competitive attraction.

Point source distribution affects pheromone spike frequency and communication disruption of Epiphyas postvittana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae).

The inverse relationship between spike frequency and catch suggests that aerial environments with higher spike frequencies are more effective at communication disruption and there appears to be value in using both the MSE and spike frequency recorded by EAG to characterize fluctuations in pheromone concentrations in treated orchards.

Control of Light Brown Apple Moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) Using an Attracticide

The potential for attracticide control of this species of leafroller is promising, and further work is needed to determine whether male suppression results in reduced mating frequency and larval populations.