Corpus ID: 7391013

Spatial Cognition: From Rat-Research to Multifunctional Spatial Assistance Systems

@article{Knauff2002SpatialCF,
  title={Spatial Cognition: From Rat-Research to Multifunctional Spatial Assistance Systems},
  author={Markus Knauff and Christoph Schlieder and Christian Freksa},
  journal={K{\"u}nstliche Intell.},
  year={2002},
  volume={16},
  pages={5-9}
}
In 1948, the psychologist Edward Tolman described experiments in which rats were trained to follow a path through a complex maze to reach a food box. After the rats performed perfectly (chose the shortest way to reach the goal), the trained path was blocked; the rats had to select another path from a variety of alternatives. Astonishingly, most of the rats found a path that was close to the most direct connection to the food box, whereas not a single rat erroneously tried to follow the original… Expand
Modeling Mental Spatial Reasoning About Cardinal Directions
TLDR
A novel computational model that relies on a parsimonious and flexible spatio-analogical knowledge representation structure to robustly reproduce the behavior observed with human reasoners is presented. Expand
SQUARELAND: A virtual environment for investigating cognitive processes in human wayfinding
TLDR
A new virtual environment (VE) called SQUARELAND, consisting of a 10×10 block maze, which allows for all kinds of investigations in human wayfinding, is introduced, which could improve comparability and reproducibility of different effects in wayfinding/navigation. Expand
Towards Cognitively Adequate Interaction for Mental Model-Based Spatio-Temporal Assistance
  • I. Seifert
  • Computer Science
  • AAAI Spring Symposium: Reasoning with Mental and External Diagrams: Computational Modeling and Spatial Assistance
  • 2005
TLDR
The paper introduces work in progress that covers ideas towards a visual interaction language that provides cognitively adequate knowledge representation and interaction during cognitively demanding spatio-temporal tasks. Expand
Formalizing Conceptual Spaces
Semantics constitutes the highest level on the communication ladder. The mutual understanding of terms makes it possible that information systems can communicate with people and among each other. TwoExpand
Region-Based Representation for Assistance with Spatio-Temporal Planning in Unfamiliar Environments
TLDR
It is argued for region-based representation structures that allow for structuring a complex spatio-temporal problem such that exploring and communicating alternative solutions to a given problem are easily enabled. Expand
Collaborative Assistance with Spatio-temporal Planning Problems
  • I. Seifert
  • Mathematics, Computer Science
  • Spatial Cognition
  • 2006
TLDR
Partial Order, neighboring Regions and Partial Order of Neighboring Regions heuristics are introduced, which allow for pruning of significant parts of the search space, and produce hierarchical structuring of the solution space. Expand
Modelling Wayfinding in Public Transport: Network Space and Scene Space
TLDR
It is suggested that there are two cognitively different environments involved in the public transportation infrastructure: network space and scene space, and a novel model based on cognitive schemata and partial orders is proposed. Expand
The Impact of Tangible User Interfaces on Designers' Spatial Cognition
TLDR
This research shows that tangible user interfaces changes designers' spatial cognition, and the changes of the spatial cognition are associated with creative design processes. Expand
A multi-agent system for on-the-fly web map generation and spatial conflict resolution
TLDR
A multiagent-based approach to address the problems of on-the-fly web map generation and spatial conflict resolution based upon the use of multiple representation and cartographic generalization is proposed. Expand
A Region-based Direction Heuristic for Solving Underspecified Spatio-temporal Planning Problems
The paper addresses an underspecified spatio-temporal planning problem, which encompasses weakly specified constraints such as different kinds of activities together with corresponding spatialExpand
...
1
2
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 17 REFERENCES
Cognitive maps in rats and men.
  • E. Tolman
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Psychological review
  • 1948
TLDR
Most of the rat investigations, which I shall report, were carried out in the Berkeley laboratory, and a few, though a very few, were even carried out by me myself. Expand
Reasoning, Models, and Images: Behavioral Measures and Cortical Activity
TLDR
The results indicate that cortical activity during reasoning depends on the nature of verbal relations, and all relations elicit mental models that underlie reasoning, but visual relations in addition elicit visual images. Expand
Spatial Cognition II, Integrating Abstract Theories, Empirical Studies, Formal Methods, and Practical Applications
TLDR
This book discusses the use of Maps, Images and "Gestures" for Navigation, the Influence of Linear Shapes on Solving Interval-Based Configuration Problems, and some ways that Maps and Diagrams Communicate. Expand
Preferred mental models in qualitative spatial reasoning: A cognitive assessment of Allen's calculus
An experiment based on Allen's calculus and its transfer to qualitative spatial reasoning, was conducted. Subjects had to find a conclusion X r 3 Z that was consistent with the given premises X r 1 YExpand
Spatial Cognition, An Interdisciplinary Approach to Representing and Processing Spatial Knowledge
Spatial Knowledge Acquisition and Spatial Memory.- Allocentric and Egocentric Spatial Representations: Definitions, Distinctions, and Interconnections.- The Route Direction Effect and itsExpand
Spatial Thinking with Geographic Maps: An Empirical Sstudy
TLDR
This paper proposes an interdisciplinary approach to the understanding of how maps represent and organise knowledge, combining artificial intelligence knowledge representation theory with empirical findings and methods from cognitive psychology. Expand
A Cognitive Assessment of Topological Spatial Relations: Results from an Empirical Investigation
TLDR
In the reported empirical investigation, subjects had to group numerous spatial configurations consisting of two circles with respect to their similarity and support the assumption that both theories are cognitively adequate in a number of important aspects. Expand
The Imagery Debate
Michael Tye untangles the complex web of empirical and conceptual issues of the newly revived imagery debate in psychology between those that liken mental images to pictures and those that liken themExpand
Modelling Navigational Knowledge by Route Graphs
TLDR
A simple, abstract formalism is presented to express the key concepts of route-based navigation in a common scientific language and develops the notion of a route graph, which can serve as the basis for complex navigational knowledge. Expand
The Imagery Debate
One central debate in cognitive science is over imagery. Do images constitute, or constitute evidence for, a distinctive, depictive form of mental representation? The most sophisticated advocacy ofExpand
...
1
2
...