Spasmodic Dysphonia: A Review. Part 1: Pathogenic Factors

@article{Hintze2017SpasmodicDA,
  title={Spasmodic Dysphonia: A Review. Part 1: Pathogenic Factors},
  author={Justin M. Hintze and Christy L. Ludlow and Stephen F. Bansberg and Charles H. Adler and David G. Lott},
  journal={Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery},
  year={2017},
  volume={157},
  pages={551 - 557}
}
Objective The purpose of this review is to describe the recent advances in identifying possible factors involved in the pathogenesis of spasmodic dysphonia. Spasmodic dysphonia is a task-specific focal laryngeal dystonia characterized by irregular and uncontrolled voice breaks. Pathogenesis of the disorder is poorly understood. Data Sources PubMed, Google Scholar, and Cochrane Library. Review Methods The data sources were searched using the following search terms: (spasmodic dysphonia or… 

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