• Corpus ID: 6423374

Spaciousness and Envelopment in Musical Acoustics

  title={Spaciousness and Envelopment in Musical Acoustics},
  author={David Griesinger},
  journal={Journal of The Audio Engineering Society},
  • D. Griesinger
  • Published 1 November 1996
  • Physics
  • Journal of The Audio Engineering Society
Conventional wisdom holds that spaciousness and envelopment are caused by lateral sound energy in rooms, and that it is the early arriving lateral energy which is most responsible. However small rooms often have many early lateral reflections, but by common definition small rooms are not spacious. This paper (briefly) describes a series of experiments into the perception of spaciousness and envelopment. The perceptions are found to be related most commonly to the lateral (diffuse) energy in… 

The influence of the factors 'spaciousness' and 'localization quality' on listener preference in sound reproduction

The purpose of this study was to map, for a 5-loudspeaker surround system, perceptual dimensions of preference and of audible differences between stimuli, using stimuli that have been created to vary

Perceptual evaluation of headphone auralization of rooms captured with spherical microphone arrays with respect to spaciousness and timbre.

The evaluation of lowpass-filtered stimuli shows that the perceived differences occur exclusively at higher frequencies and can therefore be attributed to spatial aliasing.

Elicitation and measurement of auditory spatial attributes in reproduced sound

This thesis has investigated objective measurements that relate to the perceived spatial attributes of reproduced sound. Research has been conducted into extant measurements that aim to quantify the

Creating acoustic space

This paper will review human spatial perception and the physical parameters that must be understood and controlled to create clarity, depth, spatial impression and envelopment in an electro-acoustic recording, with particular reference to multi-channel surround reproduction environments.

Optimum height for surround recordings with height channels

This research investigates the perceptional qualities of various microphone distances between the low channel microphones and height channel microphones in order to decide optimum height for height

Quality assessment of spherical microphone array auralizations

The thesis documents a scientific study on quality assessment and quality prediction in Virtual Acoustic Environments (VAEs) based on spherical microphone array data, using binaural synthesis for reproduction by relating the data derived in perceptual experiments to the output of an auditory model.

Visualizing Auditory Spatial Imagery of Multi-channel Audio

A Graphical User Interface (GUI) is developed and tested to allow a listener to describe where they hear both precedent and environment-related sound in an audio scene, and a category system for describing the spatial sound attribute “definition” is presented.

Control and Measurement of Apparent Sound Source Width and its Applications to Sonification and Virtual Auditory Displays

The accuracy of the perception of artificially produced sound source extent in a 3D audio environment was studied and it was found that the source extent perceived by subjects matched relatively well the intended source extent.

3D Microphone Array Recording Comparison (3D-MARCo): Objective Measurements

S This paper describes a set of objective measurements carried out to compare various types of 3D microphone arrays, comprising OCT-3D, PCMA-3D, 2L-Cube, Decca Cuboid, Eigenmike EM32 (i.e., spherical

3D Microphone Array Comparison: Objective Measurements

This paper describes a set of objective measurements carried out to compare various types of 3D microphone arrays, comprising OCT-3D, PCMA-3D, 2L-Cube, Decca Cuboid, Eigenmike EM32 (i.e., spherical



Spaciousness judgments of binaurally reproduced sound fields

Spaciousness is known to be a key subjective parameter in determining the acoustical quality of a concert hall. Spaciousness is described as the sense of being enveloped by the sound, or as an

Pilot study of simulated spaciousness

Spaciousness is said to include the sense that the sound in a concert hall is enveloping, that the apparent source width is increased, and the general feeling of being in a room or space. Strong

Contribution of reverberation to auditory spaciousness in concert halls

It is a common belief among room acousticians that reverberation later than 80ms after the direct sound does not contribute to auditory spaciousness. However there is no definitive proof for this

Objective measures of listener envelopment

This paper reports the results of subjective studies to determine objective predictors of perceived listener envelopment in concert halls. Subjects, seated in an anechoic room, were exposed to

Quantifying musical acoustics through audibility

This paper proposes a set of measures of musical acoustics derived from a study of binaural hearing and speech perception. The measures are tested on analyzing data from unoccupied and occupied

Concert hall acoustics—1992

The modern age of concert hall acoustics began with the development of the reverberation equation by Wallace C. Sabine in 1895. Between then and 1950, little was added to the literature that assured

Comparative study of European concert halls: correlation of subjective preference with geometric and acoustic parameters

We describe a subjective preference evaluation of European concert halls and attempt to correlate the subjective data with objective (geometric and acoustic) parameters of the halls. For the

How Loud is My Reverberation

It is vital to know the loudness of reverberation in rooms, but this is poorly predicted by current theory and measures. We present the results of a continuing series of experiments on the loudness

Nonlinear response in evaluating the subjective diffuseness of sound fields.

The remarkable finding in this investigation is that the scale value of subjective diffuseness may be formulated in terms of the 3/2 power of the magnitude of interaural cross correlation (IACC) and that the Scale value does not vary with the frequency of the bandpass noise source.