Spacetime and Euclidean geometry

@article{Brill2004SpacetimeAE,
  title={Spacetime and Euclidean geometry},
  author={Dieter R. Brill and Ted Jacobson},
  journal={General Relativity and Gravitation},
  year={2004},
  volume={38},
  pages={643-651}
}
Using only the principle of relativity and Euclidean geometry we show in this pedagogical article that the square of proper time or length in a two-dimensional spacetime diagram is proportional to the Euclidean area of the corresponding causal domain. We use this relation to derive the Minkowski line element by two geometric proofs of the spacetime Pythagoras theorem. 

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