Space-related research in mycology concurrent with the first decade of manned space exploration

  title={Space-related research in mycology concurrent with the first decade of manned space exploration},
  author={Morris Dublin and Paul A. Volz},
  journal={Space life sciences},
Fungi and Actinomycetes, aside from other microorganisms, have been placed aboard balloons, earth satellites, or high altitude sounding rockets for evaluation of environmental conditions of spaceflight missions. The incursion of harmful effects, including chromosomal breaks or elevated mutation frequencies were identified. 
Mycology studies in space
The postflight studies present a better understanding of the space environmental influences on living cells and a more clear understanding of what is happening to the fungal species under examination.
The microbial ecology evaluation Device mycology spaceflight studies of Apollo 16
Four fungal species were selected as the test systems for the Microbial Ecology Evaluation Device (MEED) of Apollo 16 and survival rates and phenotype numbers varied according to exposure parameters.
Space Microbiology: Modern Research and Advantages for Human Colonization on Mars
  • Deepanwita Dey
  • Physics
    International Journal for Research in Applied Sciences and Biotechnology
  • 2019
Astromicrobiology or exomicrobiology, is the study of microorganisms in outer space. Microorganisms in outer space are most wide spread form of life on Earth, and are capable of colonising any
Utilization of keratinophilic material by selected Trichophyton terrestre spaceflight phenotypes
Phenotypic strains of Trichophyton terrestre Durie & Frey produced variations in hyphal growth patterns and conidial production when subjected to human hair collected from a single source. The
Nuclear behavior in vegetative hyphae of Trichophyton terrestre
Vegetative nuclear division in Trichophyton terrestre Durie & Frey was studied utilizing the aceto-orcein squash technique, with no directional preference to the hyphal axis and various degrees of chromosome condensation and elongation were noted.


The survival of terrestrial microorganisms in space at orbital altitudes during Gemini satellite experiments.
The results of exposure experiments on board the Gemini XII satellite showed that again survival of some microorganisms had occurred and an attempt is made to integrate these results with data obtained in previously published experiments.
Survival of Micro-Organisms in Space
Sterilization of interplanetary spacecraft appears necessary since micro-organisms can easily be shielded against lethal radiation.
Effect of Ultrahigh Vacuum on Viability of Microorganisms
Three species of resistant microorganisms were exposed for 5 days to an ultrahigh vacuum approaching that of interplanetary space and there is no indication that the vacuum of outer space would prevent transport of viable microorganisms on unsterilized space vehicles.
The gemini-XI S-4 spaceflight radiation interaction experiment. II. Analysis of survival levels and forward-mutation frequencies in Neurospora crassa.
Results show that in-flight and ground samples irradiated on filters do not differ significantly either in survival levels or forward-mutation frequencies, confirming the finding of the Gemini-XI blood experiment that no synergism exists between radiation and spaceflight parameters.
Effects of radiation during space flight on microorganisms and plants on the Biosatellite II and Gemini XI Missions.
The results of recent experiments with the lysogenic bacteria, Escherichia coli and Salmonella typhimurium, the bread mold Neurospora crassa and the flowering plant Tradescantia on the Biosatellite
The viability of micro-organisms in ultra-high vacuum
Exposure of microorganisms to simulated extraterrestrial space ecology.
Several organisms have been found to resists 120 degrees C in ultra-high vacuum for 4-5 days, and experiments at higher temperatures are in progress, while the resistance of the isolates to high temperatures in the absence of soil is being evaluated.
The Gemini-3 S-4 spaceflight-radiation interaction experiment.
A synergism thus appears to exist between radiation and some spaceflight parameter, at least for production of human chromosome aberrations, during the Gemini-3 manned spaceflight.
The Biosatellite is an orbiting, recoverable spacecraft designed to perform a series of biological experiments for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. These include: the investigation
Atmospheric particulate matter of plant origin
Transport of pollen, spores, and other microscopic particulates of plant origin in atmosphere near earth surface in atmosphere close to earth surface.