Space motion sickness: Incidence, etiology, and countermeasures

@article{Heer2006SpaceMS,
  title={Space motion sickness: Incidence, etiology, and countermeasures},
  author={Martina Heer and William H. Paloski},
  journal={Autonomic Neuroscience},
  year={2006},
  volume={129},
  pages={77-79}
}
Space motion sickness: A common neurovestibular dysfunction in microgravity
TLDR
The available treatment options including medication and nonpharmacological countermeasure methods that help to prevent the development of SMS in weightlessness are discussed.
Developments in autonomic research: a review of the latest literature
TLDR
This work has shown that children showing a high incidence of vasovagal syncope during head-up tilt are more susceptible to motion sickness, arguing strongly for a vestibular contribution to both conditions.
Spaceflight Induced Changes in the Central Nervous System
TLDR
The following chapter discusses the proposed physiologic causes and the pathological manifestations of increased ICP in the spaceflight environment and provides considerations for future long-term space travel.
Motion Sickness Susceptibility and Management at Sea
TLDR
This chapter describes the signs and symptoms of motion sickness, the possible effects on human performance and the different types of provocative stimuli, and the effectiveness of behavioural and pharmacological countermeasures.
Space Physiology and Vestibular Orientation Cues
TLDR
This review may be useful in the workup of vertiginous disorders as well as altered integration of vestibular and visual cues during interplanetary missions.
Motion sickness: an overview
TLDR
In most cases, motion sickness can be prevented by behavioral and environmental modifications (avoidance, habituation, and minimization of motion stimuli).
Motion sickness.
  • J. Golding
  • Psychology
    Handbook of clinical neurology
  • 2016
Space and Entry Motion Sickness
TLDR
One of the most significant clinical and operational challenges experienced by spaceflight crews during the first few days in weightlessness is space motion sickness (SMS), which can range from being mildly distracting to physically debilitating.
A New Vestibular Stimulation Mode for Motion Sickness With Emphatic Analysis of Pica
TLDR
It is indicated that the present setup could effectively elicit motion sickness in rat by disturbing vestibular signals in rat in the context of well-controlled proprioceptive inputs and lack of visual afference.
Higher Asymmetry Ratio and Refixation Saccades in Individuals with Motion Sickness
TLDR
Assessment of the sacculocollic reflex pathway and six semicircular canals in individuals susceptible to motion sickness revealed no significant difference for cVEMP latencies and amplitude in individuals with motion sickness, however, significantly higher cV EMP asymmetry ratio was observed in individualsWith motion sickness.
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References

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  • Medicine
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  • 1998
TLDR
The authors experience vigorous vestibular stimulation when they run, jump, or dance, but these activities almost never make us sick; some forms of motion sickness were recognized in which head and body motion is normal or even absent (flight simulator and Cinerama sickness).
Spacelab experiments on space motion sickness.
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Cerebral hypoperfusion precedes nausea during centrifugation.
TLDR
Reductions in cerebral blood flow precede the development of nausea in subjects susceptible to motion sickness, indicating that cerebral hypoperfusion plays a role in motion sickness.
Managing space motion sickness.
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  • Medicine
    Journal of vestibular research : equilibrium & orientation
  • 1998
TLDR
Since there is considerable individual variation in postflight deficit and since adaptation from prior flights seems to persist, it has been recommended that commanders with prior shuttle landing experience be named to flights of extended duration.
Space motion sickness during 24 flights of the space shuttle.
TLDR
Differences were found between males and females, crew positions, and age groups, which would suggest future research into the mechanism, prevention, and treatment of Space Motion Sickness is needed.
Neurovestibular symptoms following space flight.
TLDR
Seven of the symptoms and eight of the parameters under study were found to be significantly associated with each other, suggesting that they are unlikely to pose a risk to the crew during landing and the post-flight period.
Treatment efficacy of intramuscular promethazine for space motion sickness.
TLDR
This study suggests that intramuscular promethazine is an effective treatment for SMS and merits continued use and further controlled investigations.
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