Mice (4-week-old, male ddy) were fed four isonitrogenic diets for 21 days: purified diet (C diet); fermented soybean (400 mg of soy isoflavonoids/kg; FSB); fermented soybean extract (400 mg of soy isoflavonoid aglycones/kg; FSBE); C with indole-3 carbinol (I3C) (2500 mg of I3C/kg; I3C). The I3C and FSB diets significantly increased the cytochrome P-450 content of hepatic microsomes in comparison with the C diet, while the FSBE diet did not. Other mice were fed seven diets for 21 days: C; C with 100 mg or 200 mg of genistein, 100 mg or 200 mg of daidzein, or 100 mg of genistein + 100 mg of daidzein/kg; I3C diet. Genistein and daidzein did not change the liver cytochrome P-450 content. There was no synergistic effect of the combined feeding of genistein and daidzein. The increase in the cytochrome P-450 content with the FSB diet depends on chemicals other than genistein and daidzein. Genistein and daidzein do not induce cytochrome P-450.