Soviet mass violence in Estonia revisited

@article{Mertelsmann2009SovietMV,
  title={Soviet mass violence in Estonia revisited},
  author={Olaf Mertelsmann and Aigi Rahi-Tamm},
  journal={Journal of Genocide Research},
  year={2009},
  volume={11},
  pages={307 - 322}
}
Soviet mass violence in the annexed Baltic republics was first researched by émigré historians, who could not use archives. Due to the “archival revolution” we possess today a more variegated picture of the scale and nature of Soviet repression. Approximately 12–14 percent of the population became victims of Soviet persecution and 4 percent died. Single cases of mass killings and 3,000 death penalties are documented, but the majority of deaths stemmed from criminal neglect. While émigr… 

Stalinist Repression in Estonia: State of the Research and Open Questions

This article focuses on the research of Stalinist repression in Estonia, observing the work done within the past 25 years. Understandably, many studies have concentrated on victims and repressive

Access to Archives in Post-Communist Countries: The Victim’s Perspective

Abstract The collapse of the communist regime at the end of the twentieth century resulted in a wave of democratization in Central and Eastern Europe. While trying to establish democracy, many states

Dividing Friend from Foe: Local Soviet Policy and the National Question in the Estonian Socialist Soviet Republic, 1944–53

After World War II, the Soviet leadership returned to the comparatively nationality-friendly rhetoric of the mid-1920s with regard to Estonia and the other Baltic Soviet republics. This rhetoric was

Existential Angst and Meaning Making in Narratives of Lithuanian Survivors of Soviet Political Deportations

Experiences related to forced deportations of ethnic Lithuanians as part of Stalin’s political genocide were explored in the narratives of six survivors. Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis was

The Debate about Soviet Genocide in Lithuania in the Case Law of The European Court of Human Rights

Abstract Since 1990 Lithuania has been claiming that what happened there during Soviet occupation is genocide, as per the 1948 Genocide Convention, which embodies universal justice for suppressed

Between Integration and Isolation

IntroductIon3 Considered Europe’s most “Eastern” city, Narva is in the Ida-Viru region of Northeastern Estonia, situated along the nation’s border with the Russian Federation. Estonia’s third largest

Identity and Othering in Past and Present: Representations of the Soviet Era in Estonian Post-Soviet Textbooks

This paper analyses representations of the ‘core Soviet era’ (1945-1985) in Estonian post-Soviet history textbooks (1989-2016). Attitudes towards the Soviet system have been a rich resource for

SITUATING NARRATIVES OF MIGRATION AND DIASPORA: AN INTRODUCTION

The idea of the special issue “Narrating Migration and Diaspora” grew out of the current situation in the world: the word ‘migration’ often accompanied by the word ‘crises’, reaches us every day via

Reform of secondary education in post-communist Estonia: advancing or dismantling social cohesion

Reform of Secondary Education in Post-Communist Estonia: Advancing or Dismantling Social Cohesion Cassandra J. Garcia The concept of integration in the most basic of senses refers to intermixing of

Generations in Estonia: Contemporary Perspectives on Turbulent Times

This chapter attempts to explore the cultural changes in Estonia through the eyes of different cohorts and their value structures by applying a quantitative approach. We use the basic human values

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 106 REFERENCES

Soviet Genocide? Communist Mass Deportations in the Baltic States and International Law

  • Lauri Mälksoo
  • Political Science
    Leiden Journal of International Law
  • 2001
The present article deals with international law problems that have arisen in the process of legal clarification of the state crimes committed during the Soviet occupation in the three Baltic states.

Rules, Incentives and Soviet Campaign Justice after World War II

IN THE AFTERMATH OF WORLD WAR II the agencies of the command economy and of the Stalinist state settled into relatively stable institutional roles. With the ravages of war and terror behind them, the

The Sovietization of the Baltic States

Latvia, Lithuania, and Estonia have been subjected to an intensive campaign aimed at integrating them into the Soviet Union. The Communists have reorganized the economy, deported their opponents, and

The Origins of Soviet Ethnic Cleansing

In February 1937, a young English adventurer, Fitzroy Maclean, arrived in Moscow to take up the position of third secretary at the British Embassy. Maclean harbored a secret ambition: “I was going,

The file on operation “Priboi”: A re-assessment of the mass deportations of 1949

Abstract Using information from documents found in the Russian State Military Archives, this article discusses the organization and execution of the Soviet mass deportations from the Baltic States in

Cleansing and Compromise. The Estonian SSR in 1944-1945

ResumeEpuration et compromis : la SSR d’Estonie en 1944-1945En 1944, alors que l’Armee rouge occupait de nouveau l’Estonie, commenca une immense vague de purges. Plus du tiers de l’ensemble des

Olaf Mertelsmann, éd., Vom Hitler-Stalin-Pakt bis zu Stalins Tod

Ces actes d’un colloque de novembre 2002, publies sous la direction d’Olaf Mertelsmann, presentent les plus recents travaux – notamment de chercheurs estoniens – sur la sovietisation de l’Estonie.

aasta märtsiküüditamine Tartu linnas ja maakonnas

  • Kleio
  • 1949

Population losses

  • Science
  • 1997
...