Sovereignty and territoriality in the city–state: A case study from the Amuq Valley, Turkey

  title={Sovereignty and territoriality in the city–state: A case study from the Amuq Valley, Turkey},
  author={James F. Osborne},
  journal={Journal of Anthropological Archaeology},
Abstract This article investigates the relationship of state authority and territory in the city–state, using the Iron Age Syro-Anatolian culture of the ancient Near East as a case-study. Although more sophisticated spatial modeling of political authority has appeared in the past decade, archaeologists are still prone to assume that territoriality in ancient city–states operated according to a “container model” principle in which, like the modern state, political power is evenly distributed… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

Carving out a territory: Rhegion, Locri and the households and communities of the classical countryside
ABSTRACT This paper investigates how people enacted multiple, alternative constructions of ‘territory’, using as a case study two neighbouring and often antagonistic ancient Greek city-states ofExpand
Ancient cities and power: the archaeology of urbanism in the Iron Age capitals of northern Mesopotamia
This paper explores the expression of power in the built environment of ancient cities, using two case studies from the middle Iron Age (early first millennium BCE) ancient Near East: the capitalExpand
Settlement Planning and Urban Symbology in Syro-Anatolian Cities
Few subjects have excited the imagination of archaeologists working in ancient complex societies as have monumentality and urban planning. Yet the two topics are rarely explicitly theorized in aExpand
The Kingdom of Geshur and the Expansion of Aram-Damascus into the Northern Jordan Valley: Archaeological and Historical Perspectives
Fragmented texts in the Hebrew Bible mention a kingdom named Geshur, usually in contexts that denote its independent existence and relations with King David's royal court (e.g., 2 Sam 3:3; 13:37–38;Expand
Confronting scales of settlement hierarchy in state-level societies: Upper Mesopotamia and Central Anatolia in the Middle Bronze Age
In this article, I adopt a long-established method known as rank-size analysis to detect particular settlement patterns in the Khabur Triangle (KT) and central Anatolia (CA) during the Middle BronzeExpand
On the Archaeology of 10th Century bce Israel and the Idea of the ‘State’
ABSTRACT The State has long been the dominant socio-political concept in the scholarly debate over the biblical early monarchy in Israel and the archaeology of the 10th century bce. It has beenExpand
Evolving settlement patterns, spatial interaction and the socio-political organisation of late Prepalatial south-central Crete
Abstract Simulations of spatial interaction in archaeology have been successful in predicting the emergence of central sites, and political and economic hierarchies that match observed long-termExpand
Crisis in Context: The End of the Late Bronze Age in the Eastern Mediterranean
99 Explanations for the Late Bronze Age crisis and collapse in the eastern Mediterranean are legion: migrations, predations by external forces, political struggles within dominant polities or systemExpand
Urban Built Environments in Early 1st Millennium b.c.e. Syro-Anatolia: Results of the Tayinat Archaeological Project, 2004–2016
The archaeological site of Tell Tayinat in the province of Hatay in southern Turkey was the principal regional center in the Amuq Plain and North Orontes Valley during the Early Bronze and Iron Ages.Expand
Emerging Boundaries
This article proposes a processual ontology for the emergence of man-made, linear boundaries across northwestern Europe, particularly in the first millennium BC. Over a significant period of time,Expand


Structural transformations in settlement systems of the northern levant
Based on archaeological survey evidence from the Amuq Valley (Turkey), this article explores the settlement h istory of the northern Levant, describing changes in the structural organization ofExpand
7 Settlement, Territory, and the Political Landscape of Late Bronze Age Polities in the Northern Levant
By bringing together analysis of cuneiform texts and archaeological settlement data, I offer new perspectives on the spatial and territorial dimensions of polities in the northern Levant during theExpand
Moving Landscapes, Making Place: Cities, Monuments and Commemoration at Malizi/Melid
The urbanization of Syro-Hittite (Luwian and Aramaean) states is one of most complex yet little explored regional processes in Near Eastern history and archaeology. In this study, I discuss aspectsExpand
The Amuq Valley Regional Project, 1995-1998
The Amuq plain in southeast Turkey is of major importance to the development of Near Eastern cultural sequences. Recent investigations of geoarchaeology, settlement patterns, and individual sites nowExpand
The territorial trap: The geographical assumptions of international relations theory
Abstract Even when political rule is territorial, territoriality does not necessarily entail the practices of total mutual exclusion which dominant understandings of the modern territorial stateExpand
Terror and Territory: The Spatial Extent of Sovereignty
Political theorists tend to prioritize the temporal over the spatial. We tend to imagine states of nature before the social contract and the triumph of utopian societies after our contemporaryExpand
Territoriality, social boundaries and ancestor veneration in the central Andes of Peru
Abstract This article examines the relationship between social boundaries, territoriality and ancestor veneration during the Late Intermediate Period (1000–1450 AD) in the Rapayan Valley of theExpand
The City-State in Five Cultures
A nice, concise set of essays on city-states. The latter occupy a particularly important place in Western history because of the impact of Classical Greek poleis and Italian Renaissance city-states.Expand
A Reconstruction of Toltec Period Political Units in the Valley of Mexico
Publisher Summary This chapter presents a quantitative analysis of Early and Late Toltec period settlement patterns that reveals units of political interaction. The Early Toltec period seems to haveExpand
Understanding early civilizations : a comparative study
This book offers the first detailed comparative study of the seven bestdocumented early civilizations: ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, Shang China, the Aztecs and adjacent peoples in the Valley ofExpand