Southeast Asia's Hybrid Regimes: When Do Voters Change Them?

  title={Southeast Asia's Hybrid Regimes: When Do Voters Change Them?},
  author={William Case},
  journal={Journal of East Asian Studies},
  pages={215 - 237}
  • William Case
  • Published 1 May 2005
  • Political Science
  • Journal of East Asian Studies
Today many governments that seek to perpetuate their power operate hybrid regimes, manipulating institutions yet holding regular elections. In this way, governments gain some legitimacy for their extended incumbency through the residual competitiveness that this regime type allows. However, recent studies show that voters may sometimes grow so activated that they make new use of this competitiveness, however limited, and turn elections into the means by which they can finally change the regime… 

Hybrid Politics and New Competitiveness: Hong Kong’s 2007 Chief Executive Election

In recounting Hong Kong's chief executive election in 2007, this paper charts the unexpected appearance of an “unauthorized” candidate and the occurrence of vibrant campaigning. Further, as electoral

An Experiment with a Hybrid Regime in Nepal (1990—2006)

The purpose of this article is to examine the political transition in Nepal during a period of 16 years (1990—2006) when it operated under a multiparty parliamentary polity. It argues that if a

Bound to Rule: Party Institutions and Regime Trajectories in Malaysia and the Philippines

This article revisits the electoral emphasis of hybrid regime studies, arguing in stead that the impact of elections is structured by variations in prior political in stitutions, particularly the

Elections, Repertoires of Contention and Habitus in Four Civil Society Engagements in Malaysia's 2008 General Elections

The general elections in Malaysia in 2008 saw the ruling coalition, which has ruled Malaysia uninterrupted since independence in 1957, lose control of a number of states and become significantly

The diversity of political regimes

The topic of this book is political cleavages in 19 countries in Central and Eastern Europe. The theoretical link between political stability and political cleavages is simple – the emergence of a

Payoffs, Parties, or Policies: “Money Politics” and Electoral Authoritarian Resilience

ABSTRACT A key part of what sustains electoral authoritarianism over the long term is genuine popular support. Dominant parties, particularly in a developmental context (the primary setting for such

Not created equal: Institutional constraints and the democratic peace

A prominent explanation for the democratic peace is that democracies are by institutional design less likely to go to war than autocracies. In this review essay of the institutional constraints

Barisan nasional political dominance and the general elections of 2004 in Malaysia

This paper examines how the Barisan Nasional (National Front, BN) coalition has held power in Malaysia since that country s independence in 1957. The first of two perspectives taken in this

Ruling Coalition Restructuring under Macao's Hybrid Regime

The existing literature has long recognized that the postcolonial Macao government relies on traditional pro-Beijing associations to mediate state–society relations. However, the political

Of inequality and irritation: new agendas and activism in Malaysia and Singapore

Democratization may best be understood in terms of movement towards fair representation and empowerment across all society. Electoral authoritarian, or “hybrid”, regimes fall far short of this mark,



Malaysia's general elections in 1999: a consolidated and high‐quality semi‐democracy

Malaysia's ruling coalition, first christened the Alliance and later the Barisan Nasional [National Front], has been in power since the mid-1950s. Over time, it has grown from three ethnically

Democracy Challenged: The Rise of Semi-Authoritarianism

During the 1990s, international democracy promotion efforts led to the establishment of numerous regimes that cannot be easily classified as either authoritarian or democratic. They display

Myths of Moderation: Confrontation and Conflict during Democratic Transitions

In a 1970 essay that marked the beginning of a new wave of writing on democratization, Dankwart A. Rustow argued persuasively that democracy is the fruit of "choice" and "conscious decision" on the

Singapore Politics Under the People's Action Party

1. What is Remarkable about Singapore? 2. How Singapore Became Independent: Lee Kuan Yew and the People's Action Party (PAP) 3. Locations of Power: The state and the government 4. The People's Action

The Third Wave: Democratization in the Late Twentieth Century

Between 1974 and 1990 more than 30 countries in Southern Europe, Latin America, East Asia, and Eastern Europe shifted from authoritarian to democratic systems of government. This global democratic

The political economy of the Asian financial crisis

The Asian crisis sparked a thorough reappraisal of international financial norms, the policy prescriptions of the International Monetary Fund and the adequacy of the existing financial architecture.

Democratic Experiments in Africa: Regime Transitions in Comparative Perspective

Introduction 1. Approaches to democratization 2. Neopatrimonial rule in Africa 3. Africa's divergent transitions, 1990-1994 4. Explaining political protest 5. Explaining political liberalization 6.

SINGAPORE IN 2003: Another Tough Year

Abstract During 2003, Singapore9s prime minister, Goh Chok Tong, announced that he would be succeeded by Lee Hsien Loong some time before the next election. The country9s economy was severely

Elections Without Democracy: The Menu of Manipulation

Elections,usually taken to be a hallmark of democracy,can also become a tool of authoritarian powerholders seeking to legitimate their rule.

Indonesian Politics in Crisis: The Long Fall of Suharto, 1996-98

Despite a severe economic crisis, social unrest and growing pressure for political change in Indonesia, President Suharto’s hold on power seemed secure. Recent events have proved this otherwise. By