South America on Maps before Columbus? Martellus's ‘Dragon's Tail’ Peninsula

@article{Richardson2003SouthAO,
  title={South America on Maps before Columbus? Martellus's ‘Dragon's Tail’ Peninsula},
  author={W. A. R. Richardson},
  journal={Imago Mundi},
  year={2003},
  volume={55},
  pages={25 - 37}
}
  • W. Richardson
  • Published 1 October 2003
  • Environmental Science
  • Imago Mundi
Henricus Martellus's four world maps of c.1489 show a non‐existent Asian peninsula east of the Aurea Chersonesus (the Malay peninsula). For some decades a group of scholars in Latin America has been claiming that this so‐called ‘Dragon's Tail’ peninsula is really a pre‐Columbian map of South America. In this paper, the cartographical and place‐name evidence is examined, showing that the identification has not been proved, and that perceived similarities between the river and coastal outlines on… 
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