Sources of organochlorine pesticides in air in an urban Mediterranean environment: volatilisation from soil.

  title={Sources of organochlorine pesticides in air in an urban Mediterranean environment: volatilisation from soil.},
  author={Gerhard Lammel and Jana Kl{\'a}nov{\'a} and Ljiljana Eri{\'c} and Predrag Ili{\'c} and Jiř{\'i} Kohoutek and Igor Kovaci{\'c}},
  journal={Journal of environmental monitoring : JEM},
  volume={13 12},
Organochlorine pesticide (OCP) cycling was studied in the area of Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina, over 3 days in summer with high temporal (4 h-means) and spatial (3 sites distanced 3-6 km) resolutions. Elevated levels of DDX compounds (i.e. o,p'- and p,p'-isomers of DDT, DDE and DDD, 44-74 pg m(-3) at the urban sites and 27 pg m(-3) as a background level), HCH (α-, β- and γ-isomers, 52-70 vs. 147 pg m(-3)), HCB (34-48 vs. <0.1 pg m(-3)) and pentachlorobenzene (6.8-9.9 vs. 6.0 pg m(-3… 

Occurrence, enantiomeric signature and ecotoxicological risk assessment of HCH isomers and DDT metabolites in the sediments of Kabul River, Pakistan

The vertical contamination profile of DDTs was found in order of 20–30 cm <10–20 cm >0–10 cm, indicated that the residue levels of DDT gradually decreased after it was banned, and indicated long-term biodegradation of parent DDT.

Organochlorine pesticides, polybrominated diphenyl ethers and polychlorinated biphenyls in surficial sediments of the Awash River Basin, Ethiopia

This study provided the first comprehensive information on organohalogenated compounds’ (OCs’) occurrences, spatial distributions, and ecological risks in sediments of the Awash River Basin and adds important first-hand data to the field of fresh water ecology.

Changes in Urban Gas-Phase Persistent Organic Pollutants During the COVID-19 Lockdown in Barcelona

Air quality improvements observed during the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus disease lockdown and prior to this period could be related to lower generation of solid urban residues and the subsequent decrease of urban waste incineration, as well as the strong reduction of traffic mobility during this period.

Atmospheric Deposition of Organochlorine Pesticides (OCPs): Species, Levels, Diurnal and Seasonal Fluctuations, Transfer Velocities

  • G. EkerY. Tasdemir
  • Environmental Science
    Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
  • 2018
The aim of the present study was to determine the total atmospheric deposition fluxes of OCPs in a semi-rural area in Bursa, Turkey and found that the flux values during daytime periods were sometimes higher.

Persistent organic pollutants in the Scheldt estuary: environmental distribution and bioaccumulation.

Diurnal Variations of Air-Soil Exchange of Semivolatile Organic Compounds (PAHs, PCBs, OCPs, and PBDEs) in a Central European Receptor Area.

In general, soils were found to be a source of PAHs, high chlorinated PCBs, the majority of OCPs and PBDEs, and a sink for the low chlorination PCBs and γ-hexachlorocyclohexane, and predictions based on the assumption that absorption is the dominant process were in good agreement with the measurements.

Levels of persistent organic pollutants and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in ambient air of Central and Eastern Europe

Abstract The ambient air and soil monitoring network was established in 22 countries of Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) in support of the Global Monitoring Plan under the Stockholm Convention on

Bidirectional air–sea exchange and accumulation of POPs (PAHs, PCBs, OCPs and PBDEs) in the nocturnal marine boundary layer

Abstract. As a consequence of long-range transported pollution, air–sea exchange can become a major source of persistent organic pollutants in remote marine environments. The vertical gradients in



Effects of Environmental Factors on Organochlorine Pesticide Residues in Soils of the Guanting Reservoir Area, China

Topsoil samples from 56 sites around the Guanting Reservoir, China, were measured for HCH and DDT concentrations, providing some insight into the effects of environmental conditions such as soil formation, agricultural cultivation, nutrient enrichment, and other anthropogenic activities on the degradation of OCPs in soils.

Measurement of DDT fluxes from a historically treated agricultural soil in Canada.

Soil-to-air fluxes were calculated from air concentration gradients and turbulent exchange coefficients determined from micrometeorological measurements, indicating that the soil was a net source to the background air.

Air-water gas exchange of organochlorine pesticides in Taihu Lake, China.

The correlation between air concentrations and ambient air temperature indicated that the current sources of o,p'-DDT and alpha-endosulfan were from land; alpha-HCH and chlordane were mainly from the lake; and these compounds were transported through the atmosphere from land sources and deposited into the lake.

An assessment of air-soil exchange of polychlorinated biphenyls and organochlorine pesticides across central and southern Europe.

The soil-air transfer of PCBs and organochlorine pesticides was found to be site-specific and dependent on the physicochemical properties of the contaminant in question, the soil properties, the historical contamination record and a site's vicinity to sources, and the local meteorological conditions.

Air−Soil Exchange of Organochlorine Pesticides in Agricultural Soils. 1. Field Measurements Using a Novel in Situ Sampling Device

Initial results are presented for in situ measurements of soil−air partitioning for a range of organochlorine (OC) pesticides in two contaminated agricultural soils. A soil survey was conducted and